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TU-6 Data Details

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TU-6 Increase smoking cessation during pregnancy

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
11.3 (2005)
Target: 
30.0
Target-Setting Method: 
Retention of Healthy People 2010 target
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
As of 2005, 11.3 percent of pregnant women who smoked reported quitting smoking during the first trimester of their pregnancy, according to the National Health Interview Survey. This proportion is well short of the HP2010 target of 30 percent. Because progress has been slow and the great majority of pregnant women who smoke do not quit during the first trimester but would benefit from doing so, the target of 30 percent is being retained.
Numerator: 

Number of females aged 18 to 49 years who reported having a live birth in the past 5 years and smoking at any time during their pregnancy with their last child and who quit smoking in their first trimester and stayed off cigarettes for the rest of their pregnancy

Denominator: 

Number of females aged 18 to 49 years who reported having a live birth in the past 5 years and smoking at any time during their pregnancy with their last child

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2005 National Health Interview Survey:

    [NUMERATOR AND DENOMINATOR:]

    (Has/have) (you/Person) given birth to a liveborn infant in the past 5 years?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't know

    [If yes:] Were you smoking cigarettes when you became pregnant with your last child?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't know

    [If yes:] Did you smoke cigarettes at any time during your pregnancy with your last child?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't know

    [NUMERATOR:]

    [If yes:] Did you quit smoking for 7 days or longer during your pregnancy with your last child?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't know

    [If yes:] In what month of your pregnancy did you first quit for 7 days or longer?

    1. First
    2. Second
    3. Third
    4. Fourth
    5. Fifth
    6. Sixth
    7. Seventh
    8. Eighth
    9. Ninth
    10. Refused
    11. Don't know

    Did you start smoking again during that pregnancy or did you stay off cigarettes for the rest of the pregnancy?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't know
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Females classified as smoking during pregnancy and quitting are those who answered “Yes” to smoking at any time during their pregnancy with their last child, “Yes” to quitting smoking for 7 days or longer, reported that the month they quit was the first through the third, and answered “No” to starting smoking again during the pregnancy.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. CDC. Smoking prevalence among women of reproductive age---United States, 2006. MMWR 2008; 57:849-852.
  2. CDC. Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2001.