You are here

TU-4.1 Data Details

Expand All

TU-4.1 Increase smoking cessation attempts by adult smokers

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year): 
50.2 (2008)
Target: 
80.0
Target-Setting Method: 
Retention of Healthy People 2010 target
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Approximately 70 percent of adult smokers want to quit. Comprehensive efforts at Federal and State levels aim to increase smoking cessation attempts by adult smokers through initiatives such as price increases, Federal tax regulations, smoke-free environments, and media campaigns.
Numerator: 

Number of current cigarette smokers aged 18 years and over who quit smoking for 1 day or longer during the 12 months prior to the interview and former smokers abstinent less than or equal to 365 days

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 18 years and over who are current cigarette smokers or former smokers abstinent less than or equal to 365 days

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey:

    [NUMERATOR and DENOMINATOR:]

    Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't Know

    [If yes:] Do you now smoke cigarettes everyday, some days, or not at all?

    1. Everyday
    2. Some days
    3. Not at all
    4. Refused
    5. Don't Know

    [If not at all:] How long has it been since you quit smoking cigarettes?

    1. _______ days
    2. _______ weeks
    3. _______ months
    4. _______ years
    5. Refused
    6. Don't Know

    [NUMERATOR:]

    [If smokes everyday or some days:] During the past 12 months, have you stopped smoking for 1 day or longer BECAUSE YOU WERE TRYING TO QUIT SMOKING?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don't Know
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Adults are classified as current smokers if they report currently smoking cigarettes "everyday" or "some days".

    The methodology counts both successful (currently abstinent less than one year) and failed cessation attempts in the last 12 months.

    Age Adjustment Notes: 

    This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

    • Total: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Sex: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Race/Ethnicity: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Educational Attainment: 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Income: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Type: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Country of Birth: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Disability Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Geographic Location: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Health Insurance Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64
    • Marital Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 27-05 in that the measure was revised in 2016. Please see the revision history for more information.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2016 the numerator and denominator of this objective were revised. The numerator was revised from "Number of current cigarette smokers aged 18 years and over who quit smoking for 1 day or longer during the 12 months prior to the interview and former smokers abstinent less than 365 days" to "Number of current cigarette smokers aged 18 years and over who quit smoking for 1 day or longer during the 12 months prior to the interview and former smokers abstinent less than or equal to 365 days". The denominator was revised from "Number of persons aged 18 years and over who are current cigarette smokers or former smokers abstinent less than 365 days" to "Number of persons aged 18 years and over who are current cigarette smokers or former smokers abstinent less than or equal to 365 days". As a result of these revisions the baseline changed from 48.3% in 2008 to 50.2% in 2008. The target did not change, based on the original target setting method which retained the Healthy People 2010 target.