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TU-15.2 Data Details

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TU-15.2 Increase tobacco-free environments in middle schools, including all school facilities, property, vehicles, and school events

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (CDC/NCHHSTP)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
58.7 (2006)
Target: 
100
Target-Setting Method: 
Total coverage
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
School-aged children spend much of their time in schools. Tobacco-free policies in schools protect children from secondhand smoke exposure in the school setting and also play an important role in establishing healthy social norms in both the school and the community, thus helping prevent youth initiation of tobacco use. Accordingly, the HP2010 target of 100 percent is being retain for the next decade; the language is modified to replace smoke-free with tobacco-free as tobacco-free addresses all tobacco products including smokeless tobacco.
Numerator: 

Number of middle schools that reported that no smoking and no smokeless tobacco use was allowed by students, staff, or visitors on school facilities, property, vehicles, and school events

Denominator: 

Number of public and private middle schools

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Does your school's policy specifically prohibit cigarette smoking by students...

    • In school buildings?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Outside on school grounds, including parking lots and playing fields?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • On school buses or other vehicles used to transport students?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • At off-campus, school-sponsored events?
    1. Yes
    2. No

    Does your school's policy specifically prohibit smokeless tobacco use by students...

    • In school buildings?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Outside on school grounds, including parking lots and playing fields?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • On school buses or other vehicles used to transport students?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • At off-campus, school-sponsored events?
    1. Yes
    2. No

    Does your school's policy specifically prohibit cigarette smoking by faculty and staff...

    • In school buildings?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Outside on school grounds, including parking lots and playing fields?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • On school buses or other vehicles used to transport students?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • At off-campus, school-sponsored events?
    1. Yes
    2. No

    Does your school's policy specifically prohibit smokeless tobacco use by faculty and staff...

  • In school buildings?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Outside on school grounds, including parking lots and playing fields?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • On school buses or other vehicles used to transport students?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • At off-campus, school-sponsored events?
    1. Yes
    2. No

    Does your school's policy specifically prohibit cigarette smoking by school visitors...

    • In school buildings?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Outside on school grounds, including parking lots and playing fields?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • On school buses or other vehicles used to transport students?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • At off-campus, school-sponsored events?
    1. Yes
    2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Starting with the 2012 survey, the name of the SHPPS survey was changed from the School Health Policies and Programs Study to the School Health Policies and Practices Study.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 27-11 in that the Healthy People 2010 objective tracked junior high, middle, and senior high schools while this objective tracks only middle schools. In addition, the objective language has been changed from 'smoke-free and tobacco-free environments' to 'tobacco-free environments.'