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STD-8 Data Details

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STD-8 Reduce congenital syphilis

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Vital Statistics System-Natality
STD Surveillance System
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
per 100,000
Baseline (Year): 
10.7 (2008)
Target: 
9.6
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of new reported cases of congenital syphilis in the past 12 months

Denominator: 

Number of live births

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes: 

    Pregnant women who are infected with syphilis can transmit the infection to the fetus causing congenital syphilis (CS) with serious adverse outcomes of the pregnancy in at least 50% of the cases. Elimination of congenital syphilis would contribute importantly to reduction of lost pregnancies, preterm/low birthweight infants and prenatal death.

    Although the numbers and rates of CS have been declining in the United States, there is a danger of a resurgence should syphilis recur among heterosexual populations. Yet, unlike many neonatal infections, this is a preventable disease which could be eliminated through effective antenatal screening and treatment of infected pregnant women.

    A minimum of 500 valid test results by gender and subpopulation is recommended to derive reliable estimates for this measure. Some clinics may not collect all U.S. Census-defined race and/or ethnicity data categories. Data are based on CDC congenital syphilis (CS) case investigation and report, Form 73.126.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Vital Statistics System-Natality
STD Surveillance System
Measure: 
per 100,000
Numerator: 

Number of new reported cases of congenital syphilis in the past 12 months

Denominator: 

Number of live births

Methodology Notes: 

      Pregnant women who are infected with syphilis can transmit the infection to the fetus causing congenital syphilis (CS) with serious adverse outcomes of the pregnancy in at least 50% of the cases. Elimination of congenital syphilis would contribute importantly to reduction of lost pregnancies, preterm/low birthweight infants and prenatal death.

      Although the numbers and rates of CS have been declining in the United States, there is a danger of a resurgence should syphilis recur among heterosexual populations. Yet, unlike many neonatal infections, this is a preventable disease which could be eliminated through effective antenatal screening and treatment of infected pregnant women.

      A minimum of 500 valid test results by gender and subpopulation is recommended to derive reliable estimates for this measure. Some clinics may not collect all U.S. Census-defined race and/or ethnicity data categories. Data are based on CDC congenital syphilis (CS) case investigation and report, Form 73.126.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
The original baseline was revised in 2013 from 10.1 new cases per 100,000 live births to 10.7 new cases per 100,000 live births due to reporting delays. The target was adjusted from 9.1 new cases per 100,000 live births to 9.6 new cases per 100,000 live births to reflect the revised baseline using the original target setting method.