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SH-4 Data Details

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SH-4 Increase the proportion of adults who get sufficient sleep

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
71.6 (2008)
Target: 
72.8
Target-Setting Method: 
Minimal statistical significance
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The target is the smallest improvement that results in a statistically significant difference when tested against the baseline value, assuming the same standard error for the target as for the baseline.
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 18 years and over who get at least 7 hours of sleep per day

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 18 and over

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?

    ______ Hours

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Participants were asked how many hours they sleep during a 24-hour period. The numerator data includes those participants reporting 7 or more hours of sleep per day.

Trend Issues: 
Beginning with 2018, the American Community Survey questions are no longer available in the NHIS. As a result, tabulated data by disability are discontinued after 2017.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey
Measure: 
percent
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 18 years and over who get at least 7 hours of sleep per day

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 18 and over

Questions Used to Obtain the State Data: 

      From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey:

      [NUMERATOR:]

      On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?

      ______ Hours

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

      Participants were asked how many hours they sleep during a 24-hour period. The numerator data includes those participants reporting 7 or more hours of sleep per day.

Trend Issues: 
Beginning with 2018, the American Community Survey questions are no longer available in the NHIS. As a result, tabulated data by disability are discontinued after 2017.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2013, the target was revised from 70.9 to 70.8 percent due to a change in the rounding rules for target calculations of Minimal Statistical Significance. In 2019, the definition of sufficient sleep during a 24 hour period was revised from 8 or more hours for adults 18 to 21 years and 7 or more hours for adults aged 22 years and over to 7 or more hours for all adults 18 years and over. The baseline value was revised from 69.6% to 71.6%. The target was revised from 70.8% to 72.8% using the original target setting method. During the development of Healthy People 2020, there were no published guidelines pertaining to the amount of sufficient sleep in adults. These changes were made to align with the 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine sleep guidelines.