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SDOH-4.2.2 Data Details

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SDOH-4.2.2 Proportion of renter households that spend more than 50% of income on housing

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
American Housing Survey (AHS); Department of Housing and Urban Development and U.S. Census Bureau (HUD and Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
22.2 (2007)
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
This objective does not have a target because it is being tracked for informational purposes.

Number of renter households whose monthly housing costs are more than 50% of their income


Total number of renter occupied units

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2007 American Housing Survey:


    What amount do you spend on rent or mortgage payments?


    What was your_NAME TOTAL income since 12 Months prior to date of interview? [If income was a loss, precede amount with a '–'; Enter 99999998 for $99,999,998 or more]



    Renter occupied households

    Is this

    1. Owned or being bought by someone in your household?
    2. Rented?
    3. Occupied without payment of rent?
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Household characteristics pertain to the head of household or survey respondent.

    “A household consists of all people who occupy a particular housing unit as their usual residence, or who live there at the time of the interview and have no usual residence elsewhere. The usual residence is the place where the person lives and sleeps most of the time. This place is not necessarily the same as a legal residence, voting residence, or domicile. Households include not only occupants related to the householder but also any lodgers, roomers, boarders, partners, wards, foster children, and resident employees who share the living quarters of the householder. It includes people temporarily away for reasons such as visiting, traveling in connection with their jobs, attending school, in general hospitals, and in other temporary relocations. By definition, the count of households is the same as the count of occupied housing units.”
    — "Appendix A." American Housing Survey. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and U.S. Census Bureau, 2013.

Caveats and Limitations: 
Note: Data for race, ethnicity, income, and education level are reflected for the head of household or survey respondent who answered for the head of household.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2013 this objective, along with three others, were added as new Developmental objectives for the SDOH topic area. The appeared in the Fall/Winter public comment period, and permanently on in 2014. In 2015, this objective was moved from Developmental to Measurable status. In January 2017, it was discovered that the data for this objective had been calculated incorrectly. All data years and population groups were affected. As a result, all data were corrected and updated. The baseline was updated from 14.6% to 22.2%.