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SDOH-3.1 Data Details

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SDOH-3.1 Proportion of persons living in poverty

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Current Population Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
15.1 (2010)
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Poverty is associated with health outcomes and influenced by a number of complex contextual factors. The objective will be tracked for informational purposes.

Number of persons living below the poverty threshold


Number of persons

Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    The poverty level is based on money income and does not include noncash benefits, such as food stamps. Poverty thresholds reflect family size and composition and are adjusted each year using the annual average Consumer Price Index level. In 2010, the poverty threshold for a two-parent, two-child family was $22,113.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
This objective was added in 2012. In 2015 the baseline was revised from 15.1% (2010) to 14.3% (2010) because of a programming change. In 2018, display of the data were adjusted to reflect the year of collection instead of the year the data file was produced, as is used in the naming conventions by the Current Population Survey. Population lines that were not relevant to the objective were also removed.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty, U.S. Census Bureau.