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SA-19.4 Data Details

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SA-19.4 Reduce the past-year nonmedical use of sedatives

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
0.25 (2008)
Target: 
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Data from 2008 show that 3.9 percent of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported use of inhalants in the past year. Because of this extremely low percentage, no target seems reasonable. As the rate approaches zero, the decreases observed would become smaller with each percent reduction. Within a short period of time, the rate would reach a value so near zero that further reductions would be too small to be significant.
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 12 years and over who report nonmedical use of prescription sedatives in the past year

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 12 years and over

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    How long has it been since you last used any prescription sedatives that was not prescribed for you or that you took only for the experience or feeling it caused?

    1. Within the past 30 days
    2. More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months
    3. More than 12 months ago
    4. DK/REF
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    A description of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) has been published by SAMHSA.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH); Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Measure: 
percent
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 12 years and over who report nonmedical use of prescription sedatives in the past year

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 12 years and over

Questions Used to Obtain the State Data: 

      From the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:

      [NUMERATOR:]

      How long has it been since you last used any prescription sedatives that was not prescribed for you or that you took only for the experience or feeling it caused?

      1. Within the past 30 days
      2. More than 30 days ago but within the past 12 months
      3. More than 12 months ago
      4. DK/REF
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

      A description of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) has been published by SAMHSA.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
During regular data collection and processing checks, errors were identified in the NSDUH data. These errors affected the data for Pennsylvania (2006-2010) and Maryland (2008-2009). These errors had minimal impact on the national estimates and no effect on direct estimates for the other 48 states and the District of Columbia. Comparing estimates for Pennsylvania, Maryland, the mid-Atlantic division, and the Northeast region were of most concern. As a result in 2013, the original baseline was revised from 0.2 to 0.25 percent. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-36, HHS Publication No. SMA 09-4434. Rockville, MD. 2009.