About the Data
Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
Number of 12th grade students who report using steroids in the past year
Number of 12th grade students
- ... in your lifetime?
- ... during the last 12 months?
- ... during the last 30 days?
From the Monitoring the Future Study:
Steroids, or anabolic steroids, are sometimes prescribed by doctors to promote healing from certain types of injuries. Some athletes, and others, have used them to try to increase muscle development. On how many occasions (if any) have you taken steroids on your own--that is, without a doctor telling you to take them?
[Mark one circle for each line. Response categories include:]
- 0 occasions
- 1-2 occasions
- 3-5 occasions
- 6-9 occasions
- 10-19 occasions
- 20-39 occasions
- 40 or more
Students are considered to have used steroids if they respond that they used steroids on one or more occasions during the last 12 months or during the last 30 days. Data are based on students in attendance on the day of the survey administration. A description of the Monitoring the Future Study (MTF) has been published by NIDA.
Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.
Additional resources about the objective
- Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2009. NIH Publication No. 10-7583. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2010.