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RD-5.1 Data Details

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RD-5.1 Reduce the proportion of children aged 5 to 17 years with asthma who miss school days

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
58.7 (2008)
Target: 
48.8
Target-Setting Method: 
Minimal statistical significance
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The target is the smallest improvement that results in a statistically significant difference when tested against the baseline value, assuming the same standard error for the target as the baseline.
Numerator: 

Number of children aged 5 to 17 who missed school days among those who report an episode of asthma or an asthma attack in the past year

Denominator: 

Number of children aged 5 to 17 years who report having an asthma attack in the past year

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey Asthma Supplement:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, that is since {12 month ref. date}, HOW MANY DAYS of {daycare or preschool/school/school or work} did [CHILD] miss because of {his/her} asthma?

    1. ______ Days
    2. Child was home schooled
    3. Child did not go to day care, preschool, school, or work
    4. Refused
    5. Don’t know

    [NUMERATOR AND DENOMINATOR:]

    DURING THE PAST 12 MONTHS, has [CHILD] had an episode of asthma or an asthma attack?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don’t know
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Persons are classified as having missed school if they responded “1-365” to the question about number of days missed.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 24-05 in that objective 24-05 was divided into separate objectives for children (RD-5.1) and adults (RD-5.2). The definition was modified from the average number of school or work days lost due to asthma to the percentage of persons who miss school days (RD-5.1) or work days (RD-5.2) due to asthma.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2013, the target was revised from 48.7 to 48.8 percent due to a change in the rounding rules for target calculations of Minimal Statistical Significance.