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RD-1.1 Data Details

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RD-1.1 Reduce asthma deaths among children and adults under age 35 years

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Bridged-race Population Estimates
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
per 1,000,000
Baseline (Year): 
3.4 (2007)
Target: 
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Numerator: 

Number of asthma deaths (ICD-10 codes J45-J46) among persons under age 35 years

Denominator: 

Number of persons under age 35 years

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Deaths due to asthma (ICD-10 codes J45-J46).

    FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

Trend Issues: 
Mortality data by marital status were not available for 60% of Georgia’s records in 2008 and 94% of Georgia’s records in 2009. Therefore, 2008 and 2009 data by marital status should be interpreted with caution.
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective combines the age groups tracked by three Healthy People 2010 asthma deaths objectives: persons under age 5 years (objective 24-1a), 5–14 years (objective 24-1b), and 15–34 year (objective 24-1c) into one age group for persons under age 35 years.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
Bridged-race Population Estimates
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality
Measure: 
per 1,000,000
Numerator: 

Number of asthma deaths (ICD-10 codes J45-J46) among persons under age 35 years

Denominator: 

Number of persons under age 35 years

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

      Deaths due to asthma (ICD-10 codes J45-J46).

      FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

Trend Issues: 
Mortality data by marital status were not available for 60% of Georgia’s records in 2008 and 94% of Georgia’s records in 2009. Therefore, 2008 and 2009 data by marital status should be interpreted with caution.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2013, rates for 2007–2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator to provide more accurate rates for the period. However, the baseline estimate for the total population did not change so the target remained the same. Some baseline estimates for population subgroups were revised. Note that all mortality rates shown here for 2007–2009 (or any subset of those years) are based on intercensal population estimates and may differ from those previously published on the Internet or in print. In 2015, the denominator data source name was revised from Population Estimates to Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010. The numerator data source and baseline estimate remain unchanged. In 2017, the estimates for geographic location were updated to reflect the 2013 urban/rural classification scheme.