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PHI-7.1 Data Details

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PHI-7.1 Increase the proportion of population-based Healthy People 2020 objectives for which national data are available by race and ethnicity

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Healthy People 2020 Database
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
39.9 (2013)
Target: 
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
At this time, we do not propose setting a target for these objectives. While we do not have a clear sense for the potential progress that could be achieved by the end of the decade, the Workgroup’s consensus is that a) the purpose of these objectives is to track and report data on availability of data for measuring health disparities and b) a substantial increase in the availability of these data is not likely. For many surveys, a redesign of the sampling methodology would be needed to effect an increase in the number of objectives that report data by race and ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status. In addition, there are nationally-representative population-based data sources that collect high quality data yet do not meet our proposed definition for collecting data on all major population groups. For example, even though NHANES oversamples African-Americans, Asians, and Hispanics and provides nationally-representative data, the NHANES does not collect data on Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islanders. Therefore, objectives using NHANES data would not meet the Healthy People definition for collecting data on race and ethnicity despite the NHANES’ goal of oversampling racial and ethnic minorities. The goal of PHI-7 is not to single out data sources that do not meet these definitions; rather it is to assess data sources used to measure and track Healthy People objectives to promote availability of data for all major population groups so that health disparities can be accurately measured and tracked over the decade. For this reason, the Workgroup is proposing to move these objectives from developmental to measureable, not set a target.
Numerator: 

Number of population-based Healthy People 2020 objectives that report estimates by race and ethnicity

Denominator: 

Number of measurable population-based Healthy People 2020 objectives

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Population-based Healthy People 2020 objectives are defined as objectives where the denominator is a population estimate.

    Objectives are counted in the numerator if data are reported by the six racial and ethnic categories provided in the updated OMB Directive No. 15 “Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity”: (1) American Indian or Alaska Native, (2) Asian, (3) non-Hispanic Black or African American, (4) Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, (5) non-Hispanic White and (6) Hispanic/Latino.

    The Healthy People 2020 database (DATA2020) is queried to determine the number of objectives that meet the numerator and denominator definitions.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 23-04 in that 23-04 originally proposed to track objectives with data by major population groups. PHI-7.1, 7.2, and 7.3 were refined to track the proportion of population-based objectives with data by race/ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status, respectively.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2012, this objective became measurable. In 2015, the data for this objective were revised to correct a programming error. The baseline was revised from 46.6 percent to 39.9 percent.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity. Fed Regist 1997 Oct 30.