Visit for the latest Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) updates.

You are here

PA-7 Data Details

Expand All

PA-7 Increase the proportion of school districts that require or recommend elementary school recess for an appropriate period of time

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
School Health Policies and Practices Study
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
61.5 (2006)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of districts that require elementary schools to provide students with regularly scheduled recess for 20 minutes or more


Number of districts (538)

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study:


    Does your district require or recommend that elementary schools provide students with regularly scheduled recess?

    1. Require
    2. Recommend
    3. Neither

    How many minutes per day of recess are required or recommended for elementary school students?

    1. Less than 10 minutes per day
    2. 10 to 19 minutes per day
    3. 20 to 29 minutes per day
    4. 30 or more minutes per day
    5. No specified time requirements or recommendations
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Starting with the 2012 survey, the name of the SHPPS survey was changed from the School Health Policies and Programs Study to the School Health Policies and Practices Study.

    An appropriate period of time that school districts required or recommended was 20 minutes or more of recess per day. Districts are counted as requiring an appropriate amount of recess time if the response to the first Numerator question is “require” and the response to the second question is 20 minutes or more per recess day.