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PA-6.1 Data Details

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PA-6.1 Increase the number of States that require regularly scheduled elementary school recess

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
School Health Policies and Practices Study
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
7 (2006)
Target-Setting Method: 
Projection/trend analysis
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
One state per year is deemed to be the best target given the fairly low baseline number and the fact that a 10% improvement is not a challenging goal and is not conducive to a state count.

Number of states that require elementary schools to provide students with regularly scheduled recess

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study:


    Does your state require or recommend that elementary schools provide students with regularly scheduled recess?

    1. Require
    2. Recommend
    3. Neither
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Starting with the 2012 survey, the name of the SHPPS survey was changed from the School Health Policies and Programs Study to the School Health Policies and Practices Study.

    States are counted as requiring an appropriate amount of recess time if the response to the Numerator question is “require”.

Target Calculation Methods: 
Between 2000 and 2006, five states (or approximately one state per year) implemented policies for regularly scheduled elementary school recess. This trend is expected to continue.