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PA-14.2 Data Details

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PA-14.2 Increase the proportion of trips of 2 miles or less made to school by bicycling by children and adolescents aged 5 to 15 years

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Household Travel Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
1.4 (2009)
Target-Setting Method: 
2 percentage point improvement
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Because baseline is less than 5% a more realistic percentage point improvement is between 2 and 4 percentage points.

Number of trips of 2 miles or less that children and adolescents aged 5 to 15 years report taking by bicycling to school on designated travel day


Number of trips of 2 miles or less that children and adolescents aged 5 to 15 years and older report taking on designated travel day

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2009 National Household Travel Survey:


    Now I’d like to talk about the trips {you/SUBJECT} recorded in the diary we sent.] [Now] I have some questions about all trips {you/SUBJECT} took on {TRIPDATE}. {Even though {your/his/her} travel on this day may have been unusual for some reason, we still want to know about {your/SUBJECT’S} trips on this particular day.}

    • Did (you/Person) go anywhere (yesterday/on Travel Day)?
    • (Excluding the trips taken as a regular part of the job), please tell me everywhere (you/Person) went (yesterday/on Travel Day). Remember, we want to know about any time (you/Person) went from one place to another for any purpose.
    • Where did (you/Person) go first (yesterday/on Travel Day)?
    • When (you/Person) left (Destination) where did (you/Person) go next?

    [Repeat question until no more trips....]

    Now I have a few questions about each trip. How far is it from where (you/Person) started to (Destination)? __________miles

    [For nonsegmented trips:]

    How did (you/Person) get to (Destination)? That is, what means of transportation did (you/Person) use for this trip?

    1. Walk
    2. Bicycle

    [For multisegment trips:]

    What means of transportation did (you/Person)use for the (first/next) part of this trip to (Destination)?

    1. Walk
    2. Bicycle

    [Continue for additional segments...]

Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    The travel day was defined as beginning at 4:00 a.m. on the designated day and ending at 3:59 a.m. on the following day. In general, telephone numbers were called the day after their assigned travel day.

    Adult proxies were used for youth younger than 14 years.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 22-15 in that the objective has been modified due to changes in the survey design and questions. The data for the Healthy People 2010 and 2020 objectives are not comparable.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2015 the objective became measurable.