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PA-1 Data Details

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PA-1 Reduce the proportion of adults who engage in no leisure-time physical activity

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year): 
36.2 (2008)
Target: 
32.6
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 18 years and over who report that they never do, or are unable to do, light or moderate physical activity for at least 10 minutes and that they never do, or are unable to do, vigorous physical activity for at least 10 minutes

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 18 years and over

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    The next questions are about physical activities (exercise, sports, physically active hobbies...) that you may do in your LEISURE time.

    How often do you do VIGOROUS LEISURE-TIME physical activities for AT LEAST 10 MINUTES that cause HEAVY sweating or LARGE increases in breathing or heart rate?

    [Read if necessary:] How many times per day, per week, per month, or per year do you do these activities?

    1. Never
    2. Unable to do this type activity
    3. _____ times per day/week/month/year
    4. Refused
    5. Don't know

    About how long do you do these vigorous leisure-time physical activities each time?

    _____ minutes/hours

    How often do you do LIGHT OR MODERATE LEISURE-TIME physical activities for AT LEAST 10 MINUTES that cause ONLY LIGHT sweating or a SLIGHT to MODERATE increase in breathing or heart rate?

    [If necessary, prompt with:] How many times per day, per week, per month, or per year do you do these activities?

    1. Never
    2. Unable to do this type activity
    3. _____ times per day/week/month/year
    4. Refused
    5. Don't know

    About how long do you do these light or moderate leisure-time physical activities each time?

    _____ minutes/hours

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Adults are classified as not engaging in leisure time physical activity if they answer “never” or “unable to do this type of activity” to both the vigorous and moderate physical activity questions. Responses of “over 28 times per week” to either vigorous or moderate or both sets of questions were eliminated from the denominator.

    Age Adjustment Notes: 

    This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

    • Total: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Sex: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Race/Ethnicity: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Educational Attainment: 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Income (percent poverty threshold): 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Type: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Country of Birth: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Disability Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Geographic Location: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Health Insurance Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64
    • Marital Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Sexual Orientation: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
Trend Issues: 
Beginning with 2018, the American Community Survey questions are no longer available in the NHIS. As a result, tabulated data by disability are discontinued after 2017.