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OSH-2.1 Data Details

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OSH-2.1 Reduce work-related injuries in private sector industries resulting in medical treatment, lost time from work, or restricted work activity, as reported by employers

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII); Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL/BLS)
Current Population Survey (CPS); U.S. Census Bureau and Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (Census and DOL/BLS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
per 100
Baseline (Year): 
4.2 (2007)
Target: 
3.8
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of reported work-related nonfatal injuries

Denominator: 

Total number of hours worked by workers

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2007 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Tell us about the Case

    Go to your completed OSHA Form 300. Copy the case information from that form into the spaces below.

    Employee’s name________

    Job title ________

    Date of injury or onset of illness ___/___/___

    Number of days away from work_____

    Number of days of job transfer or restriction_____

    Tell us about the Employee

    Check the category which best describes the employee's regular type of job or work: (optional)

    1. Office, professional, business, or management staff
    2. Sales
    3. Product assembly, manufacture
    4. Repair, installation or service of machines, equipment
    5. Construction
    6. Other (specify)
    7. Healthcare
    8. Delivery or driving
    9. Food service
    10. Cleaning, maintenance of building, grounds
    11. Material handling (e.g. stocking, loading/unloading, moving, etc.)
    12. Farming

    Employee’s race or ethnic background: [optional-check one or more]

    1. American Indian or Alaska Native
    2. Asian
    3. Black or African American
    4. Hispanic or Latino
    5. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
    6. White
    7. Not available

    [NOTE: You may either answer questions (3) to (13) or attach a copy of a supplementary document that answers them.]

    Employee’s age: ___OR date of birth: Month___Day___Year___

    Employee’s date hired: Month___Day___Year___

    OR check length of service at establishment when incident occurred:

    1. Less than 3 months
    2. From 3 to 11 months
    3. From 1 to 5 years
    4. More than 5 years

    Employee’s gender:

    1. Male
    2. Female

    Tell us about the incident

    [Answer the questions below or attach a copy of a supplementary document that answers them.]

    Was employee treated in an emergency room?

    1. yes
    2. no

    Was employee hospitalized overnight as an in-patient?

    1. yes
    2. no

    Time employee began work_____

    1. am
    2. pm

    Time of event_____

    1. am
    2. pm OR
    3. Check if time cannot be determined

    What was the employee doing just before the incident occurred? Describe the activity as well as the tools, equipment, or material the employee was using. Be specific. Examples: “climbing a ladder while carrying roofing materials”; “spraying chlorine from hand sprayer”; “daily computer key-entry.”

    What happened? Tell us how the injury or illness occurred.
    Examples: “When ladder slipped on wet floor, worker fell 20 feet”; “Worker was sprayed with chlorine when gasket broke during replacement”; “Worker developed soreness in wrist over time.”

    What was the injury or illness? Tell us the part of the body that
    was affected and how it was affected; be more specific than “hurt,”
    “pain,” or “sore.” Examples: “strained back”; “chemical burn,
    hand”; “carpal tunnel syndrome.”

    What object or substance directly harmed the employee?
    Examples: “concrete floor”; “chlorine”; “radial arm saw.” If this
    question does not apply to the incident, leave it blank.

    From the 2007 Current Population Survey - Labor Force Questionnaire:

    [DENOMINATOR:]

    WORK

    (THE WEEK BEFORE LAST/LAST WEEK), did (name/you) do ANY work for (pay/either pay or profit)?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Retired
    4. Disabled
    5. Unable to work

    BUS1

    ((THE WEEK BEFORE LAST/LAST WEEK), did (name/you) do any unpaid work in the family business or farm??

    1. Yes
    2. No

    HRUSL1

    (How many hours per week (do/does) (name/you) USUALLY work at (your/his/her) (job?/ main job?)

    1. Enter number of hours (00-99) Hours each week
    2. (V) Hours vary each week

    HRUSL2

    How many hours per week (do/does) (you/he/she) USUALLY work at (your/his/her) other (job/ jobs)?

    1. Enter number of hours (00-99) Hours each week
    2. (V) Hours vary each week

    HROT1

    (THE WEEK BEFORE LAST/LAST WEEK), did (name/you) work any overtime or extra hours (at(his/her) MAIN job that / that)(you/he/she) (do/does) not usually work?

    1. Yes
    2. 2 Nok

    HROT2

    How many ADDITIONAL hours did (you/he/she) work?

    Enter number of hours

    HRACT1

    (LAST WEEK/THE WEEK BEFORE LAST), how many hours did ( you/he/she) ACTUALLY work at (your/his/her) (job?/MAIN job?)?

    Enter number of hours
    (00 - 99)

    HRACT2

    (THE WEEK BEFORE LAST/LAST WEEK), how many hours did ( you/he/she) ACTUALLY work at (your/his/her) other (job/ jobs?)?

    Enter number of hours
    (00 - 99)

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Nonfatal occupational injuries are defined as any injury such as a cut, fracture, sprain, amputation etc., which results from a work-related event or from a single instantaneous exposure in the work environment.

    The SOII collects data on injuries that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defines as recordable. SOII is a cooperative Federal–State program in which employer reports of occupational injuries and illnesses based on OSHA recordkeeping rules are collected from a nationally representative sample of private industry establishments. This includes work-related injuries involving loss of consciousness, days away from work, restricted work activity or job transfer, or medical treatment other than first aid. For this objective nonfatal occupational injuries include those to workers, regardless of age, that involve days away from work as well as those without lost workdays.

    For the first time in 2008, the SOII provided national public sector estimates covering nearly 19 million state and local government workers. The survey excludes the self-employed, farms with fewer than 11 employees, private household workers, and employees in Federal government agencies.

    The rate per 100 full-time equivalent workers is computed by (1) dividing the number of occupational injuries reported by the total number of hours worked by all employees during the calendar year, and (2) multiplying the result by 200,000. The factor 200,000 represents the hours worked in a year by 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours work per week, 50 weeks a year).

    Nonfatal work-related injuries continue to take a toll on the U.S. workforce with an estimated 4.6 million injuries resulting in medical treatment, lost time from work, or restricted work activity reported by employers in 2008, and an estimated 3.4 million occupational injuries and illnesses treated in emergency departments in 2007. While the data from employer-reports have suggested considerable reductions in work-related injury incidence rates over time, the data from emergency departments have suggested stable rates in recent years. Work-related injuries are preventable.

Caveats and Limitations: 
Recent reports, including a 2009 GAO report, have questioned the completeness and accuracy of the employer reports included in SOII.  BLS is conducting research to address the potential undercount in SOII, and NIOSH has recently begun research to increase understanding of barriers and incentives for workers to report injuries. Additionally, in October 2009, OSHA began a program to emphasize recordkeeping, including having OSHA inspectors review the occupational injury and illness records prepared by businesses. 

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008. Washington, DC: Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDL 09-1302, October 2009.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Workers’ Memorial Day --- April 28, 2010. MMWR 59(16), April 30, 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workmemorial/
  3. DOL. News Release. U.S. Labor Department's OSHA begins National Emphasis Program on recordkeeping to determine accuracy of worker injury and illness data. Washington, DC: Department of Labor, OSHA, October 1, 2009, O0-775-NAT.
  4. Estes CR, Jackson LL, Castillo DN. Occupational Injuries and Deaths among Younger Workers. MMWR 59(15). April 23, 2007
  5. Government Accounting Office. Workplace safety and health: Enhancing OSHA's records audit process could improve the accuracy of worker injury and illness data. October 2009, GAO-10-10.
  6. Ruser J. Examining evidence on whether BLS undercounts workplace injuries and illnesses. Monthly Labor Review, August 2008:20-32.