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OA-5 Data Details

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OA-5 Reduce the proportion of older adults who have moderate to severe functional limitations

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year): 
29.3 (2007)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of persons aged 65 years and over who have one or more activities of daily living (ADL) limitations OR who are living in a long-term care facility


Number of persons aged 65 years and over

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2007 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey:


    Because of a health or physical problem, do you have any difficulty with the following?

    • Bathing or showering?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Dressing?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Eating?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Getting in or out of bed or chairs?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Walking?
    1. Yes
    2. No
  • Using the Toilet?
    1. Yes
    2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Long-term care facility residents are assumed to have at least one ADL limitation and are therefore included under this objective as having a moderate to severe functional limitation.

    Age Adjustment Notes: 

    This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

    • Total: 65-74, 75-84, 85+
    • Sex: 65-74, 75-84, 85+
    • Race/Ethnicity: 65-74, 75-84, 85+

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 28.3 to 29.3 due to a change in programming. The target was adjusted from 25.5 to 26.4 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.