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MICH-3.2 Data Details

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MICH-3.2 Reduce the rate of deaths among children aged 5 to 9 years

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Bridged-race Population Estimates; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau (CDC/NCHS and Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
per 100,000
Baseline (Year): 
13.8 (2007)
Target: 
12.4
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of deaths among children aged 5 to 9 years

Denominator: 

Number of children aged 5 to 9 years

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Bridged-race Population Estimates; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics and U.S. Census Bureau (CDC/NCHS and Census)
Measure: 
per 100,000
Numerator: 

Number of deaths among children aged 5 to 9 years

Denominator: 

Number of children aged 5 to 9 years

Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

      FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Death rates are calculated based on the resident population of the United States for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Intercensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Race-specific population estimates for 1991 and later use bridged-race categories.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2013, rates for 2007–2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator to provide more accurate rates for the period. Thus, the original baseline was revised from 13.7 to 13.8 deaths per 100,000 children aged 5-9 years. The target was adjusted from 12.3 to 12.4 deaths per 100,000 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method. Note that all mortality rates shown here for 2001–2009 (or any subset of those years) are based on intercensal population estimates and may differ from those previously published on the Internet or in print. In 2015, the denominator data source name was revised from Population Estimates to Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010. The numerator data source, baseline estimate, target, and target-setting method remain unchanged. In 2017, the estimates for geographic location were updated to reflect the 2013 urban/rural classification scheme.