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MICH-21.1 Data Details

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MICH-21.1 Increase the proportion of infants who are ever breastfed

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Immunization Survey (NIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
74.0 (2006)
Target: 
81.9
Target-Setting Method: 
Projection/trend analysis
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The trend for the proportion of infants’ ever breastfed for each year of births from 1999 to 2006 predicts an increase of 0.74 percentage points per year. A target of 81.9 percent is reasonable for this indicator given the trend projection.
Numerator: 

Number of caregivers of children born in a cohort year who indicate their child was ever breastfed or fed breast milk

Denominator: 

Number of children aged 19 to 35 months born in the same cohort year

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2007 through 2009 National Immunization Surveys:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Was [child] ever breastfed or fed breast milk?

    1. Yes
    2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Using a computer-generated list, the National Immunization Survey (NIS) identifies households across the United States with children aged 19–35 months and interviews the person who is most knowledgeable about the child’s immunization status (“caregiver”). Survey years are combined to calculate breastfeeding statistics by year of child’s birth (cohort) instead of the year in which the participant was surveyed. To calculate breastfeeding indicators by year of child birth, data are combined across all relevant survey years. Because children are 19—35 months of age at the time of the parent interview, each survey year represents children born over three years. For example, breastfeeding data for children in the 2006 birth cohort are obtained from NIS 2007, 2008, and 2009.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Immunization Survey (NIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCIRD and CDC/NCHS)
Measure: 
percent
Numerator: 

Number of caregivers of children born in a cohort year who indicate their child was ever breastfed or fed breast milk

Denominator: 

Number of children aged 19 to 35 months born in the same cohort year

Questions Used to Obtain the State Data: 

      From the 2007 through 2009 National Immunization Surveys:

      [NUMERATOR:]

      Was [child] ever breastfed or fed breast milk?

      1. Yes
      2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

      Using a computer-generated list, the National Immunization Survey (NIS) identifies households across the United States with children aged 19–35 months and interviews the person who is most knowledgeable about the child’s immunization status (“caregiver”). Survey years are combined to calculate breastfeeding statistics by year of child’s birth (cohort) instead of the year in which the participant was surveyed. To calculate breastfeeding indicators by year of child birth, data are combined across all relevant survey years. Because children are 19—35 months of age at the time of the parent interview, each survey year represents children born over three years. For example, breastfeeding data for children in the 2006 birth cohort are obtained from NIS 2007, 2008, and 2009.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2012, the word 'breastfeed' was changed to 'breastfed' to reflect the data collected in the survey. Specifically, the NIS data relate to infants who are breastfed, not mothers who breastfeed.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. CDC. NIS survey methods.
  2. Smith PJ, Zhao Z, Wolter KM, Singleton JA, Nuorti JP. Age-period-cohort analyses of public health data collected from independent serial cross-sectional complex probability sample surveys. Seattle, WA: Joint Statistical Meeting; 2006.