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MICH-16.4 Data Details

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MICH-16.4 Increase the proportion of women delivering a live birth who did not drink alcohol prior to pregnancy

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
50.6 (2007)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Women with a recent live birth who reported not drinking alcohol at all in the 3 months prior to pregnancy


Number of women with a recent live birth

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2007 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System:


    During the 3 months before you got pregnant, how many alcoholic drinks did you have in an average week?

    1. 14 drinks or more a week
    2. 7 to 13 drinks a week
    3. 4 to 6 drinks a week
    4. 1 to 3 drinks a week
    5. Less than 1 drink a week
    6. I didn't drink then

    From the 2007 California Maternal and Infant Health Assessment:


    During the 3 months before you got pregnant, about how many drinks with alcohol did you have in an average week?

    1. I didn't drink at all during the 3 months before I got pregnant
    2. Less than one drink per week
    3. 1 to 3 per week
    4. 4 to 6 per week
    5. 7 -13 per week
    6. 14 or more drinks per week
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Data from participating PRAMS states (28 states and New York City in 2007) were combined with data from the California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA) to produce the displayed estimate.

    Health Insurance status data reflect prepregnancy insurance coverage of mother.

Trend Issues: 
The 2007 estimate is based on data from CA plus the following PRAMS states: AK, AR, CO, DE, GA, HI, IL, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MO, NJ, NC, NY, NYC, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, UT, VT, WA, WV, WI, and WY.