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MICH-1.9 Data Details

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MICH-1.9 Reduce the rate of infant deaths from sudden unexpected infant deaths (includes SIDS, Unknown Cause, Accidental Suffocation, and Strangulation in Bed)

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
per 1,000 live births
Baseline (Year): 
0.93 (2006)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of infant (under age 1 year) deaths due to sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) [ICD-10 codes: R95 (SIDS), R99 (Unknown Cause) and W75 (Accidental Suffocation and Strangulation in Bed)]


Number of live births

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    To create linked data files, death certificates are linked with corresponding birth certificates for infants who die in the U.S. before their first birthday. The linked file is used for calculating infant mortality rates by mother's race and ethnicity because these variables are more accurately collected on the birth certificate than the death certificate.

Trend Issues: 
Beginning with 2017 data, marital status of the mother for births occurring in or to residents of California are not available due to state statutory restrictions. As a result tabulated data on births by marital status are discontinued after 2016.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2017, the estimates for geographic location were updated to reflect the 2013 urban/rural classification scheme.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2006 period linked birth/infant death data set. National vital statistics report; vol 58 no 17. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2010.