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MICH-1.3 Data Details

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MICH-1.3 Reduce the rate of all infant deaths (within 1 year)

Leading Health Indicators are a subset of Healthy People 2020 objectives selected to communicate high-priority health issues.

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
per 1,000 live births
Baseline (Year): 
6.7 (2006)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age


Number of live births

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Leading Health Indicator:
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Methodology Notes: 

    To create linked data files, death certificates are linked with corresponding birth certificates for infants who die in the U.S. before their first birthday. The linked file is used for calculating infant mortality rates by mother's race and ethnicity because these variables are more accurately collected on the birth certificate than the death certificate.

    Depending upon county population size, the period county percent for the most recent 3, 5, or 10 years is reported.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2006 period linked birth/infant death data set. National vital statistics report; vol 58 no 17. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2010.