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MICH-1.2 Data Details

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MICH-1.2 Reduce the rate of fetal and infant deaths during perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to less than 7 days after birth)

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths
Baseline (Year): 
6.6 (2005)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of fetal and infant deaths during the perinatal period (28 weeks of gestation to 7 days after birth)


Number of live births plus fetal deaths of at least 28 weeks of gestation

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    To create linked data files, death certificates are linked with corresponding birth certificates for infants who die in the U.S. before their first birthday. The linked file is used for calculating infant mortality rates by mother's race and ethnicity because these variables are more accurately collected on the birth certificate than the death certificate.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2017, the estimates for geographic location were updated to reflect the 2013 urban/rural classification scheme.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. MacDorman MF, Kirmeyer S. Fetal and perinatal mortality, United States, 2005. National vital statistics reports; vol 57 no 8. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2009.
  2. Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant mortality statistics from the 2006 period linked birth/infant death data set. National vital statistics report; vol 58 no 17. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS; 2010.