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MICH-1.1 Data Details

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MICH-1.1 Reduce the rate of fetal deaths at 20 or more weeks of gestation

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths
Baseline (Year): 
6.2 (2005)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of fetal deaths (20 or more weeks of gestation)


Number of live births plus fetal deaths (20 or more weeks gestation)

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    A description of the primary measurement used to determine gestational age—the interval between the first day of the last normal menstrual period (LMP) and the date of delivery—has been published by NCHS.

    States are required to report fetal deaths if they occur in the 20th week of pregnancy or later, or if they weigh at least 350 grams. The number of fetal deaths may be underreported in part because of variations in state reporting requirements.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2017, the estimates for geographic location were updated to reflect the 2013 urban/rural classification scheme.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. MacDorman MF, Kirmeyer S. Fetal and perinatal mortality, United States, 2005. National vital statistics reports; vol 57 no 8. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2009.