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IID-1.8 Data Details

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IID-1.8 Maintain elimination of acute paralytic poliomyelitis (U.S.-acquired cases)

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
Target-Setting Method: 
Total elimination
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Polio was declared eliminated from the Americas in 2004. Worldwide efforts at polio eradication still are under way, and importations of poliovirus into the United States resulting in additional cases continue to be possible. Although the objective is domestic, maintaining U.S. elimination depends on interrupting polio transmission in the remaining four endemic countries (India, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan). Low routine immunization coverage in the polio endemic countries presents a challenge to the eradication efforts in the most critical areas. Unfortunately, in recent years, a number of re-introductions of polio have occurred in countries in western and central Africa and the Horn of Africa. During 2008, 1,660 cases of polio were reported from 4 endemic countries and 14 previously polio-free countries worldwide. CDC will continue to work with State health departments and immunization partners to ensure high routine polio vaccine coverage in the United States. CDC also will ensure that appropriate laboratory procedures and capabilities are available for the timely confirmation of cases, and continue to be a major partner in the global polio eradication initiative.

Number of U.S.-acquired cases of acute paralytic poliomyelitis

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Data are the number US-acquired cases of acute paralytic poliomyelitis.


Additional resources about the objective

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Surveillance of Poliomyelitis. See reference for the case definition.