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HIV-1 Data Details

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HIV-1 Reduce the number of new HIV diagnoses

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National HIV Surveillance System
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
number
Baseline (Year): 
43,806 (2010)
Target: 
32,855
Target-Setting Method: 
Maintain consistency with national programs, regulations, policies, and laws.
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) Indicator Work Group set annual targets by allocating the total amount of change needed between the 2010 baseline and the 2020 target as follows: five percent of the total change is expected for each of the initial three years (2011-2013), ten percent is expected for each of the subsequent four years (2014-2017), and fifteen percent of the total change is expected for each of the final three years (2018-2020). This allows for implementation activities begun after the 2010 release of the Strategy to take hold and their effects to accelerate over time, rather than expecting slow advances year by year. This target setting method was endorsed by the NHAS Federal Interagency Work Group in the Spring of 2015
Numerator: 

Number of (unadjusted) HIV diagnoses among persons of all ages during the calendar year and reported to CDC within 18 months of the diagnosis year

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Annual
Methodology Notes: 

    Diagnoses are defined using the 2008 and 2014 HIV case definitions (see Page 12-13 "Stages of HIV Infection" Technical Notes in 2014 Annual HIV Surveillance Report – link: HIV Surveillance Report 2014).

    This objective includes case report data from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) in which laws or regulations require confidential reporting to the jurisdiction (not to CDC), by name, for adults, adolescents, and children with confirmed diagnoses of HIV infection. After the removal of personally identifiable information, data from these reports were submitted to CDC. Although AIDS cases have been reported to CDC since 1981, the implementation of HIV infection reporting has differed from state to state. All states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas had fully implemented name-based HIV infection reporting by April 2008 (see Technical Notes in 2014 Annual HIV Surveillance Report at the link above for additional information).

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2016, HIV-1 was moved back to measurable status and the objective title was changed from 'Reduce new HIV diagnoses among adolescents and adults' to Reduce the number of new HIV diagnoses' to align with the 2020 National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). Previously, In 2013, HIV-1 was archived without data because it was determined it was more important to focus on the earlier stages of HIV. AIDS was considered a less meaningful measurement because it takes a long time for HIV to advance to AIDS. AIDS measurements provide more information about what was happening with the epidemic in the past instead of what is happening now.