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HDS-16.3 Data Details

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HDS-16.3 Increase the proportion of adults aged 20 years and older who are aware of the importance of accessing rapid emergency care for a heart attack by calling 9–1–1 or another emergency number

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health Interview Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year): 
91.8 (2008)
Target: 
93.8
Target-Setting Method: 
2 percentage point improvement
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Current estimates indicate that most adults are aware of the importance of accessing rapid emergency care by calling 9—1—1. The baseline value is more than 90 percent and near the maximum achievement level. A 2-percentage point improvement, which is statistically significant, is proposed.
Numerator: 

Number of persons aged 20 years and over who were aware of the importance of accessing rapid emergency care by calling 9-1-1 or another emergency number

Denominator: 

Number of persons aged 20 years and over

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey Heart Disease Supplement:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    If you thought someone was having a heart attack, what is the BEST thing to do right away?

    1. Advise them to drive to the hospital
    2. Advise them to call their physician
    3. Call 9-1-1 (or another emergency number)
    4. Call spouse or family member
    5. Other
    6. Refused
    7. Don't know
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Persons are considered to be aware of the importance of calling 9-1-1 if they indicate that the best thing to do is call 9-1-1 (or another
    emergency number). Persons are considered to be unaware of the importance of calling 9-1-1 if they indicate that the best
    thing to do is advise them to drive to the hospital, advise them to call their physician, call spouse or family member, other, or don’t know.

    Age Adjustment Notes: 

    This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

    • Total: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Sex: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Race/Ethnicity: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Educational Attainment: 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Income (percent poverty threshold): 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Family Type: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Country of Birth: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Disability Status: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Geographic Location: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Health Insurance Status: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64
    • Sexual Orientation: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
    • Marital Status: 20-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 12-2 that tracked knowledge of heart attack symptoms and the importance of calling 9-1-1 in that this objective separately tracks the second knowledge component, the importance of calling 9-1-1.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 92.9 to 91.8 percent due to changes in how the response “don’t know” is handled. Previously responses of “don’t know” were excluded, but they are now included as lack of awareness. The target was adjusted from 94.9 percent to 93.8 percent to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.