HDS-10.2 Increase the proportion of adults with hypertension who meet the recommended guidelines for saturated fat consumption
About the Data
Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
Number of persons aged 18 years and over, excluding pregnant women, with high blood pressure/hypertension who report consuming less than 10.0 percent of calories from saturated fat (based on up to 2 24-hour dietary recalls)
Number of persons aged 18 years and over, excluding pregnant women, with high blood pressure/hypertension
From the 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey:
[NUMERATOR AND DENOMINATOR:]
Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you had hypertension, also called high blood pressure?
- Don't know
Because of your high blood pressure/hypertension, have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional to take prescribed medication?
- Don't know
Are you now taking prescribed medication?
- Don't know
The NHANES includes 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls interviews to obtain information from participants on their intake of foods and beverages from the previous day. Using detailed databases of the nutrient composition of foods from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, estimates of saturated fat intake were calculated for each participant.
For blood pressure management among persons with hypertension it is recommended that they meet the recommendations for saturated fat consumption in the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans as part of the DASH eating plan. This plan includes a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products with reduced content of saturated and total fat. This diet is associated with a systolic blood pressure reduction of approximately 8–14 mmHg.
Adults are defined as having high blood pressure/hypertension if they either: (a) have a measurement of mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mm Hg or (b) mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mm Hg or (c) report that they are taking high blood pressure medicine. Blood pressure is measured by averaging up to 3 blood pressure readings taken during the physical examination in the NHANES mobile examination center. A detailed description of the procedures for blood pressure measurement in the NHANES has been published elsewhere.
- Total: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Sex: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Race/Ethnicity: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Educational Attainment: 25-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Family Income (percent poverty threshold): 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Country of Birth: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Disability Status: 20-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Health Insurance Status: 18-49, 50-59, 60-64
- Diabetes Status: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Marital Status: 20-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Veteran Status: 18-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
- Obesity Status: 20-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:
Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.
Additional resources about the objective
- National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006, Public Use Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Questionnaire Documentation. Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 2007.
- Sacks FM, Svetkey LP, Vollmer WM, Appel LJ, Bray GA, Harsha D, et al. Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. DASH-Sodium Collaborative Research Group. N Engl J Med 2001;344 :3-10.
- Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) Express. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Bethesda, Md. 2003. JAMA 2003;289:2560-2571.