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FS-5.4 Data Details

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FS-5.4 Increase the proportion of consumers who follow the key food safety practice of “Chill: refrigerate promptly.”

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Food Safety Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
88.1 (2006)
Target: 
91.1
Target-Setting Method: 
Projection/trend analysis
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Based on the high proportion of compliance, a target representing 3.4 percent increase is proposed.
Numerator: 

The percent of consumers aged 18 years and older who report they follow the key food safety practice: Chill: Refrigerate promptly

Denominator: 

Number of practices measured among persons aged 18 years and older who prepare food (consumers)

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 Food Safety Survey:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    If you cook a large pot of soup, stew, or other food with meat or chicken and want to save it for the next day, when do you put the food in the refrigerator? Would it be (READ 1-3) . . .

    1. Immediately*
    2. After first cooling it at room temperature, or
    3. After first cooling it in cold water?*
    4. Do not cook such foods
    5. Would not refrigerate it

    [If (2):] For about how long would you let it cool at room temperature? (DO NOT READ LIST)

    1. Less than 2 hours*
    2. 2 hours or more

    How about if the soup or stew contains fish or shellfish instead of meat or chicken. If you want to save it for the next day, when do you put the food in the refrigerator? Would it be (READ 1-3)

    1. Immediately*
    2. After first cooling it at room temperature, or
    3. After first cooling it in cold water?*
    4. Do not cook such foods
    5. Would not refrigerate it

    [If (2):] For about how long would you let it cool at room temperature (DO NOT READ LIST)

    1. Less than 2 hours*
    2. 2 hours or more

    *RESPONSE IS CODED AS SAFE.

Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Food Safety Survey

  2. Food Safety Survey (OMB Control Number 0910-0345-Reinstatement). Federal Register; 74:177. September 15, 2009. pp 47256-47257.