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FS-4 Data Details

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FS-4 Reduce severe allergic reactions to food among adults with a food allergy diagnosis

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Food Safety Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
No
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
29.3 (2006)
Target: 
21.0
Target-Setting Method: 
Projection/trend analysis
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The number of adults with a food allergy diagnosis reporting severe allergic reactions did not change significantly between years 2001 (26.4 percent) and 2006 (29.3 percent). Based on this trend analysis, a more ambitious target is proposed.
Numerator: 

Number of persons 18 years and older with doctor-diagnosed food allergies who report an allergic reaction within the last 5 years and who report that the allergic reaction was severe (required the use of epinephrine, or treatment in a hospital or doctor’s office, or an overnight stay in a hospital)

Denominator: 

Number of persons 18 years and older with doctor-diagnosed food allergies

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 Food Safety Survey:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    I'd like to ask if you have any current food allergies, or do you suspect you have a food allergy?

    1. Yes*
    2. No or not aware of
    3. Someone in household died from food allergy
    4. Don't know
    5. Refused

    Has a medical doctor diagnosed your condition as a food allergy?

    1. Yes*
    2. No
    3. Don't know
    4. Refused

    When was the last time you had an allergic reaction to food, or had symptoms you thought were caused by an allergic reaction to food?

    1. Less than one month*
    2. One - 2 months*
    3. 3 - 6 months*
    4. 7 - 11 months*
    5. 1 - 2 years*
    6. 3 - 5 years*
    7. 6 - 9 years
    8. 10 - 14 years
    9. 15 - 19 years
    10. 20 years or more
    11. Never

    Was epinephrine [EP eh NEF rin] used to treat this most recent reaction?

    1. Yes*
    2. No
    3. Does not recall specific instance
    4. Don't know
    5. Refused

    Were you [was he/she] treated in a hospital or doctor's office for this reaction? Which?

    1. Yes, hospital*
    2. Yes, doctor's office*
    3. No
    4. Does not recall specific instance
    5. Don't know
    6. Refused

    Did you/he/she have to stay overnight in the hospital?

    1. Yes*
    2. No
    3. Don't know
    4. Refused

    *RESPONSE IS INCLUDED IN THE CALCULATIONS.

Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    The estimate for this measure is calculated by first defining a sub-sample of survey respondents who report a doctor-diagnosed food allergy. The percentage of this group that had an allergic reaction to food within the last 5 years and whose reaction required the use of epinephrine, or treatment in a hospital or doctor's office, or an overnight stay in a hospital is the numerator. Weights are applied that adjust for probability of selection (the number of telephones in the house and the number of adults in the house) and that adjust the sample to census estimates on the characteristics of sex, race, and education.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Food Safety Survey

  2. Food Safety Survey (OMB Control Number 0910-0345-Reinstatement). Federal Register; 74:177. September 15, 2009. pp 47256-47257.