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FP-8.1 Data Details

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FP-8.1 Reduce pregnancies among adolescent females aged 15 to 17 years

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Guttmacher Institute Abortion Provider Survey
Surveillance Data for Abortion
Bridged-race Population Estimates
National Survey of Family Growth
National Vital Statistics System-Natality
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
per 1,000
Baseline (Year): 
40.2 (2005)
Target: 
36.2
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of pregnancies among females aged 15 to 17 years

Denominator: 

Number of females aged 15 to 17 years

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Adolescent pregnancies are the sum of all U.S. resident live births, induced abortions, and fetal losses to females aged 15 to 17 years.

    Data on live births are counts of all births to U.S. residents occurring in the United States. Estimates of induced abortion are based on reports by CDC and The Guttmacher Institute. The Guttmacher Institute’s national estimates of abortions, based on surveys it conducts of all known abortion providers, are distributed by age and race according to estimates prepared by CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), based on reports of induced abortions from selected State health departments.

    Fetal losses refer to pregnancies that end in miscarriage, stillbirth, or ectopic pregnancy.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
The objective from Healthy People 2010 has been revised to expand the age range covered by the objective from 15-17 year olds to 15-19 year olds. The revision created two objectives, FP-8.1 focused on 15-17 year olds, and FP-8.2 focused on 18-19 year olds. The objective has also been revised to focus on reducing the rate of adolescent pregnancy, rather than the actual number of adolescent pregnancies.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2015, the denominator data source name was revised from Population Estimates to Bridged-Race Population Estimates for Census 2000 and 2010. The numerator data source, baseline estimate, target, and target-setting method remain unchanged.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. Ventura SJ, Curtin SC, Abma JC, Henshaw SK. Estimated pregnancy rates and rates of pregnancy outcomes for the United States, 1990-2008. National vital statistics reports; vol 60 no 7. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2012.