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FP-6 Data Details

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FP-6 Increase the proportion of females at risk of unintended pregnancy or their partners who used contraception at most recent sexual intercourse

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Survey of Family Growth
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
83.3 (2006–10)
Target: 
91.6
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of at-risk females aged 15 to 44 years who currently use a method of contraception other than withdrawal and who used a method at last sex other than withdrawal

Denominator: 

Number of at-risk females aged 15 to 44 years who had sex in the month of interview

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Adapted from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Please write the methods you used each month on the calendar. I need to know about all the methods you used, so if you used more than one method, please write down all methods you used that month.

    Recode CONSTAT1 measure the current contraceptive status as of the month
    of the interview or “current month.”

    1. Female sterilization
    2. Male sterilization
    3. Norplant or Implanon implant
    4. Lunelle (injectable)
    5. Depo-Provera (injectable)
    6. Pill
    7. Contraceptive Patch
    8. Contraceptive Ring
    9. Morning-after pill
    10. IUD
    11. Diaphragm (with or w/out jelly or cream)
    12. (Male) Condom
    13. Foam
    14. Today(TM) Sponge
    15. Suppository or insert
    16. Jelly or cream (not with diaphragm)
    17. Periodic abstinence: NFP, cervical mucus test or temperature rhythm
    18. Periodic abstinence: calendar rhythm
    19. Withdrawal
    20. Other method
    21. Pregnant
    22. Seeking Pregnancy
    23. Postpartum
    24. Sterile--nonsurgical--female
    25. Sterile--nonsurgical--male
    26. Sterile--surgical--female (noncontraceptive)
    27. Sterile--surgical--male (noncontraceptive)
    28. Sterile--unknown reasons-male
    29. Other nonuser--never had intercourse since first period
    30. Other nonuser--has had intercourse, but not in the 3 months prior to interview
    31. Other nonuser--had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview
      Birth control pills

    [DENOMINATOR:]

    Is the reason you are not using a method of birth control now because you, yourself, want to become pregnant as soon as possible?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Don't know

    Many women have times when they are not having intercourse at all, for example, because of pregnancy, separation, not dating anyone, illness, or other reasons. Since (Date), have there been any times when you were not having intercourse at all for one month or more?

    1. Yes
    2. No

    What months and years were those?

    __________

    Date of last (or more recent) sexual intercourse

    __________

    Century month of interview date

    __________

    Recode mthuse3 measures whether used any contraceptive method at last sex in past 3 mos

    __________

    Looking at Card 33, the (last) time you had intercourse with [LAST PARTNER IN PAST 12 MONTHS] in [DATE], did you or he use any method?

    1. Yes
    2. No

    Type of sterilization operation "in effect"

    1. Hysterectomy
    2. Vasectomy
    3. Other operation or type unknown
    4. Not surgically sterile

    Whether Respondent's Current Husband/Partner is Surgically Sterile at Interview

    1. Yes
    2. No

    Now I have a few more questions about your physical ability to have a(nother) baby at some time in the future.

    Some women are not physically able to have children. As far as you know, is it physically possible for you, yourself, to have a(nother) baby?

    1. Yes
    2. No

    What about (NAME OF CURRENT HUSBAND OR COHABITING PARTNER)? As far as you know, is it physically possible for him to father a baby in the future?

    1. Yes
    2. No

    Century Month for respondent's most recent completed pregnancy

    __________

Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    “At risk” females are those who had intercourse in the 3 months prior to the survey, who were not pregnant, nor seeking pregnancy, nor (themselves or partners) surgically or nonsurgically sterile.

    “Currently using” refers to having used any contraceptive method (categories 1, 2, 4 through 16) other than sterilization or withdrawal in the month of the interview.

    An unintended pregnancy is one that was not wanted at the time of conception or not wanted at all.

Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020: 
The objective has been revised since Healthy People 2010 to focus specifically on the need for consistent contraceptive use. Rather than focus only on whether or not sexually active women ages 15-44 had used contraception at the month of interview, the revised objective also includes whether these current contraceptors used a method at their most recent sexual intercourse.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2012, the original baseline was revised from 83.0 to 83.3 due to a change in the baseline year from 2006-2008 to 2006-2010. The target was adjusted from 91.3 to 91.6 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.