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FP-15 Data Details

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FP-15 Increase the proportion of females in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies who receive those services and supplies

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
Guttmacher Institute Contraceptive Needs and Services
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
53.8 (2006)
Target-Setting Method: 
Projection/trend analysis
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
Health care reform legislation calls for an increase in the number of Americans who have access to and receive needed medical services, including family planning services. Also, the Health Resources and Services Administration has significantly increased funding for community health centers. A 20-percent improvement is proposed.

Number of females ages 13-44 receiving public-sector contraceptive services


Number of females ages 13-44 in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 Current Population Survey:


    Which category represents (your/name of reference person/the total combined income)(total combined income during the past 12 months?/ of all members of your FAMILY during the past 12 months?/ of all members of (name of reference person)'s FAMILY during the past 12 months?)

    This includes money from jobs, net income from business, farm or rent, pensions, dividends, interest, social security payments and any other money income received ( by members of (your/ name of reference person) FAMILY who are 15 years of age or older.)

    1. Less than $5,000
    2. 5,000 to 7,499
    3. 7,500 to 9,999
    4. 10,000 to 12,499
    5. 12,500 to 14,999
    6. 15,000 to 19,999
    7. 20,000 to 24,999
    8. 25,000 to 29,999
    9. 30,000 to 34,999
    10. 35,000 to 39,999
    11. 40,000 to 49,999
    12. 50,000 to 59,999
    13. 60,000 to 74,999
    14. 75,000 to 99,999
    15. 100,000 to 149,999
    16. 150,000 or more

    From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth:

    At any time in your life, have you ever had sexual intercourse with a man, that is, made love, had sex, or gone all the way?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Not Ascertained
    4. Don't Know
    5. Refused

    Fecundity status:

    1. Surgically Sterile, Contraceptive
    2. Surgically Sterile, Noncontraceptive
    3. Sterile, Nonsurgical
    4. Subfecund
    5. Long Interval (Infertile for 36+ months)
    6. Fecund

    Are you pregnant now?

    1. Yes
    2. No

    Is the reason you are not using a method of birth control now because you, yourself, want to become pregnant as soon as possible?

    1. Yes
    2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    The Guttmacher Institute periodically estimates the number of women in need of publicly supported contraceptive services and supplies, as well as the number of women who receive public-sector contraceptive services in the United States. Estimates of women in need of services are based on population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau; income data from the Current Population Survey (at the national level) and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (at the county level), and characteristics of women from the National Survey of Family Growth. Estimates on the number of women receiving publicly supported contraceptive services come from Guttmacher’s Census of Publicly Funding Family Planning Clinics and from the Medicaid Statistical Information System. Additional information on the methodology has been published.

    Women are defined as in need of contraceptive services and supplies during a given year if they are aged 13-44, have ever had sexual intercourse, neither they nor their partners have been sterilized, and they are neither pregnant nor trying to get pregnant.

    Women are defined as in need of publicly supported contraceptive services if they are in need of contraceptive services and are either aged 20 or older with a family income below 250% of the federal poverty level, or are younger than age 20 regardless of family income level.

    From the 2006 Bureau of Economic Analysis:

    Per capita personal income for counties is used to project county level income changes between census years, as adjusted by state level income changes documented by the Current Population Survey BEA : Regional Economic Accounts - Previously Published Estimates


Additional resources about the objective

  1. Frost, J., Frohwirth, L., Blades, N., & Sonfield, A. (2009). Detailed methodology for enumerating the number of women receiving public-sector contraceptive services in 2006.
  2. Henshaw, S. & Frost, J. (2009). Detailed methodology for estimating the number of women in need of contraceptive services and supplies in 2006.