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ENT-VSL-3.1 Data Details

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ENT-VSL-3.1 Increase the proportion of adults aged 20 to 69 years with hearing loss who have ever used a hearing aid

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
National Health Interview Survey
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
per 1,000 (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year): 
162.7 (2007)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of persons aged 20–69 years who have ever worn a hearing aid


Number of adults aged 20–69 years with hearing loss in either ear, defined as the pure-tone average of thresholds at {1000, 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz} greater than or equal to 35dB

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Retained from HP2010 objective
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2006 National Health Interview Survey:


    Do you now use a hearing aid(s)?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don’t know

    Have you ever used a hearing aid(s) in the past?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Refused
    4. Don’t know
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    A hearing aid is an electronic device that brings amplified sound to the ear, usually consisting of a microphone, amplifier, and receiver.

    A cochlear implant is a medical device that bypasses damaged structures in the inner ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve, allowing some deaf individuals to hear and to maintain or develop speech and language.

    Assistive devices are technical tools and devices used to aid individuals who have communication disorders in performing actions, tasks, and activities. Examples include alphabet boards, text telephones (TT/TTY/TTD), and text-to-speech conversion software.

    The numerator for this objective, persons who respond that they have ever worn a hearing aid, is obtained annually from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The denominator, persons testing as having hearing loss in either ear, is obtained from an average of the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

    Age Adjustment Notes: 

    This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

    • Total: 20-39, 40-59, 60-69
    • Sex: 20-39, 40-59, 60-69
    • Race/Ethnicity: 20-39, 40-59, 60-69
    • Educational Attainment: 25-39, 40-59, 60-69
    • Disability Status: 20-39, 40-59, 60-69