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AH-9 Data Details

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AH-9 Increase the proportion of middle and high schools that prohibit harassment based on a student’s sexual orientation or gender identity

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
School Health Profiles
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
88.2 (2010)
Target: 
92.2
Target-Setting Method: 
4 percentage point improvement
Target-Setting Method Justification: 
The applicable target setting method for this measure is a 4 percentage point improvement over baseline. The data are presented as a median percent across states, not a mean percent. The median percent represents the middle value of an entire array of numeric values, so in the case of this measure, half of states report a higher percent of schools with a policy in place prohibiting harassment based on a student’s sexual orientation or gender identity, and half of states report a lower percent of schools with such a policy in place. As a result of this calculation method, the amount of change expected to be seen in the data is smaller compared to using a mean percent. The baseline data indicate that in 2010, 88.2% of secondary schools (range across states 71.9% - 98.9%) prohibited harassment based on a student’s sexual orientation or gender identity. As this baseline percent is already high, a 4 percentage point improvement is reasonable. While other target setting methods were considered, none were identified as appropriate for this objective. It was not possible to use statistical significance due to a lack of standard errors for computing MSS. The default method of 10% improvement would have resulted in a target of 97%, which is too high, given that these data look at the median percent of state rates and not the mean. Given the high baseline and the other circumstances noted for this objective, a 4 percentage point improvement was identified for target setting.
Numerator: 

Number of public and private middle and junior high schools that prohibit harassment based on a student’s perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity

Denominator: 

Number of public and private middle and junior high schools

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the 2010 School Health Profiles Study:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Does your school engage in each of the following practices related to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) youth? [Mark yes or no for each practice.]

    • Prohibit harassment based on a student's perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity.
    1. Yes
    2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Biennial
Methodology Notes: 

    Schools that respond 'yes' are counted as schools that prohibit harassment based on a student's perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity. The national measure is the median of all reporting states.

Trend Issues: 
The 2010 median estimate includes all states and D.C. except for Illinois. The 2012 median estimate includes all states and D.C. except for: CT, IL, LA, NY, and TX.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
School Health Profiles
Measure: 
percent
Numerator: 

Number of public and private middle and junior high schools that prohibit harassment based on a student’s perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity

Denominator: 

Number of public and private middle and junior high schools

Questions Used to Obtain the State Data: 

      From the 2010 School Health Profiles Study:

      [NUMERATOR:]

      Does your school engage in each of the following practices related to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ) youth? [Mark yes or no for each practice.]

      • Prohibit harassment based on a student's perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity.
      1. Yes
      2. No
Data Collection Frequency: 
Biennial
Methodology Notes: 

      Schools that respond 'yes' are counted as schools that prohibit harassment based on a student's perceived or actual sexual orientation or gender identity. The national measure is the median of all reporting states.

Trend Issues: 
The 2010 median estimate includes all states and D.C. except for Illinois. The 2012 median estimate includes all states and D.C. except for: CT, IL, LA, NY, and TX.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
This objective moved from developmental to measurable in 2014.