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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health 

Infant death is a critical indicator of the health of a population. It reflects the overall state of maternal health as well as the quality and accessibility of primary health care available to pregnant women and infants. Improving birth outcomes can enable children to reach their full potential.1
 
Infant Mortality Rate by Race and Ethnicity, 2013 
The infant mortality rate experienced by infants born to black non-Hispanic mothers was more than 2.5 times the rate experienced by infants born to Asian or Pacific Islander mothers (11.1 and 4.1 deaths under 1 year of age per 1,000 live births, respectively).  
 
Black, non-Hispanic mothers: 11.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
American Indian or Alaska Native mothers: 7.6 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
White, non-Hispanic mothers: 5.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Hispanic mothers: 5.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Asian or Pacific Islander mothers: 4.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
 
1Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2010. 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. November 2000.
 
Data source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS.  
 
HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 TARGETS
 
Preterm Births
In 2014, 11.3% of live births were preterm.
 
2020 Target: 11.4%
Target has been met. 
Data source: National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS.
 
Infant Deaths
In 2013, 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births occurred within the first year of life.  
 
2020 Target: 6.0 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
Target has been met.
Data source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS.