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SDOH-5 Data Details

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SDOH-5 Proportion of children aged 0-17 years who have ever lived with a parent who has served time in jail or prison

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH); Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (HRSA/MCHB and CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
6.9 (2011–12)
Not applicable
Target-Setting Method: 
This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.

Number of children age 0-17 who have ever lived with a parent who has served time in jail or prison after the child was born


Total survey respondents

Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From lthe 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health:


    Did [CHILD’S NAME] ever live with a parent or guardian who served time in jail or prison after [CHILD’S NAME] was born?

    1. YES
    2. NO
    3. DON'T KNOW
    4. REFUSED
Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    Telephone numbers are dialed at random to identify households with one or more children under 18 years old. If more than one child is identified, one is chosen at random and the interviewer asks to speak to the parent or guardian who knows the most about the child's health and health care. If he or she is not available, multiple call back attempts are made to reach them.

Caveats and Limitations: 
The question on parental incarceration is asked in the “Parental Health” section of the survey. It is important to note that an adult is answering these survey questions for a selected child.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
This objective was new in 2015.