FP-16.1 Increase the percentage of adult females aged 20 to 44 years who are at risk of unintended pregnancy that adopt or continue use of the most effective or moderately effective methods of contraception
About the Data
Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.
Number of women aged 20-44 years who were currently using the most effective or moderately effective methods of contraception.
Women aged 20-44 years who are at risk of unintended pregnancy
The most effective methods of contraception are male or female sterilization, implants, intrauterine devices or systems (IUD/IUS). Moderately effective methods of contraception are injectables, oral pills, patch, ring, or diaphragm. At risk of unintended pregnancy is defined as women who have ever had sex, are fecund, or are neither pregnant nor seeking pregnancy.
The National Survey of Family Growth includes an extensive battery of questions to ascertain whether a woman is currently sexually active, her fucundity status, pregnancy status, and methods and consistency of contraceptive use. Responses to these questions are combined and recoded to determine pregnancy risk and use of effective contraceptive methods. More information about these recodes is available at: 2011-13 NSFG Female Respondent File Recode Specifications.
The following recodes were used for this objective:
HADSEX: Whether respondent has ever had sexual intercourse with a female (Recode). Yes, No.
AGER: Respondent age at interview (Recode): 15-44
CONSTAT1-CONSTAT4: Current contraceptive status (Recode). Where CONSTAT1 are the 1st priority codes, CONSTAT2 are the 2nd priority codes, etc. The categories of CONSTAT1-CONSTAT4 are:
- Female sterilization
- Male sterilization
- Norplant® or Implanon® implant
- Depo-Provera (injectable)
- Contraceptive Patch
- Contraceptive Ring
- Morning-after pill
- Diaphragm (with or w/out jelly or cream)
- (Male) Condom
- Today™ Sponge
- Suppository or insert
- Jelly or cream (not with diaphragm)
- Periodic abstinence: NFP, cervical mucus test or temperature rhythm
- Periodic abstinence: calendar rhythm
- Other method
- Seeking Pregnancy
- Sterile—surgical—female (noncontraceptive)
- Sterile—surgical—male (noncontraceptive)
- Sterile—unknown reasons—male
- Other nonuser—never had intercourse since first period
- Other nonuser—has had intercourse, but not in the 3 months prior to interview
- Other nonuser—had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview
Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.