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FP-16.1 Data Details

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FP-16.1 Increase the percentage of adult females aged 20 to 44 years who are at risk of unintended pregnancy that adopt or continue use of the most effective or moderately effective methods of contraception

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Survey of Family Growth
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Baseline (Year): 
61.2 (2011–15)
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement

Number of women aged 20-44 years who were currently using the most effective or moderately effective methods of contraception.


Women aged 20-44 years who are at risk of unintended pregnancy

Data Collection Frequency: 
Methodology Notes: 

    The most effective methods of contraception are male or female sterilization, implants, intrauterine devices or systems (IUD/IUS). Moderately effective methods of contraception are injectables, oral pills, patch, ring, or diaphragm. At risk of unintended pregnancy is defined as women who have ever had sex, are fecund, or are neither pregnant nor seeking pregnancy.

    The National Survey of Family Growth includes an extensive battery of questions to ascertain whether a woman is currently sexually active, her fucundity status, pregnancy status, and methods and consistency of contraceptive use. Responses to these questions are combined and recoded to determine pregnancy risk and use of effective contraceptive methods. More information about these recodes is available at: 2011-13 NSFG Female Respondent File Recode Specifications.

    The following recodes were used for this objective:

    HADSEX: Whether respondent has ever had sexual intercourse with a female (Recode). Yes, No.

    AGER: Respondent age at interview (Recode): 15-44

    CONSTAT1-CONSTAT4: Current contraceptive status (Recode). Where CONSTAT1 are the 1st priority codes, CONSTAT2 are the 2nd priority codes, etc. The categories of CONSTAT1-CONSTAT4 are:

    1. Female sterilization
    2. Male sterilization
    3. Norplant® or Implanon® implant
    4. Depo-Provera (injectable)
    5. Pill
    6. Contraceptive Patch
    7. Contraceptive Ring
    8. Morning-after pill
    9. IUD
    10. Diaphragm (with or w/out jelly or cream)
    11. (Male) Condom
    12. Foam
    13. Today™ Sponge
    14. Suppository or insert
    15. Jelly or cream (not with diaphragm)
    16. Periodic abstinence: NFP, cervical mucus test or temperature rhythm
    17. Periodic abstinence: calendar rhythm
    18. Withdrawal
    19. Other method
    20. Pregnant
    21. Seeking Pregnancy
    22. Postpartum
    23. Sterile—nonsurgical—female
    24. Sterile—nonsurgical—male
    25. Sterile—surgical—female (noncontraceptive)
    26. Sterile—surgical—male (noncontraceptive)
    27. Sterile—unknown reasons—male
    28. Other nonuser—never had intercourse since first period
    29. Other nonuser—has had intercourse, but not in the 3 months prior to interview
    30. Other nonuser—had intercourse in the 3 months prior to interview

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
In 2015, this objective was added as a new measurable objective for the Family Planning topic area.