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AH-4.1 Data Details

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AH-4.1 Increase the proportion of adolescents in foster care who exhibit positive early indicators of readiness for transition to adulthood

About the Data: National

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

Data Source: 
National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
Yes
Measure: 
percent
Baseline (Year): 
42.8 (2010–11)
Target: 
47.1
Target-Setting Method: 
10 percent improvement
Numerator: 

Number of 17 year old youth in foster care indicating readiness

Denominator: 

Number of 17 year olds in foster care who completed the NYTD survey

Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective: 
Not applicable
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data: 

    From the FFY2011 National Youth in Transition Database:

    [NUMERATOR:]

    Are you currently employed full-time?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Are you currently employed part-time

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    In the past year, did you complete an apprenticeship, internship, or other on-the-job training, either paid or unpaid?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Currently, are you enrolled in and attending high school, GED classes, post-high school vocational training, or college?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Currently is there at least one adult in your life, other than your caseworker, to whom you can go for advice or emotional support?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Have you ever referred yourself or has someone referred you for an alcohol or drug abuse assessment or counseling?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Have you ever been confined in a jail, prison, correctional facility, or juvenile or community detention facility, in connection with allegedly committing a crime?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank

    Have you ever given birth or fathered any children that were born?

    1. Yes
    2. No
    3. Declined
    4. Blank
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

    Positive early indication of readiness for transition to adulthood is defined as a youth who meets all of the following criteria: (1) is either employed part/full-time or had employment skills or was currently enrolled and attending school; (2) reported having a positive connection to an adult; (3) did not report ever having been referred to substance abuse counseling/assessment; (4) did not report a history of incarceration; AND (5) did not report having given birth to or fathering a child.

    The National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) is a national, mandatory data collection system where reporting areas (states, DC, PR) provide information to the Administration for Children and Families on two populations: (1) youth who receive independent living services paid for or provided by state agencies that administer John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Programs (CFCIPs); and (2) triennial cohorts of youth in foster care at age 17, with follow-up information collected at ages 19 and 21. Data are reported for the Federal Fiscal Year (FFY), which runs from October 1 through September 30 (e.g., FFY 2011 covers the period October 1, 2011—September 30, 2012). Select data elements from surveyed cohorts of 17 year old youth are used to monitor and measure early indicators of readiness for transition to adulthood. The first cohort of 17 year olds was surveyed in FFY 2011, with new cohorts to be surveyed every three years thereafter (FY2014, FY2017, FY2020, etc.).

    National data for this objective are collected from the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Caveats and Limitations: 
In FFY 2011 53% of the eligible 17 year olds in foster care completed the survey. A bias analysis was conducted due to the low response rates. There is no apparent demographic bias (race, ethnicity, or sex) in response/non-response rates. Response rates did, however, vary among reporting areas. With this systematic bias occurring in the first year of data collection, results may not be representative of the national population of 17 year old youth in foster care. It is expected that future data collection efforts will yield comparative, higher response rates across all reporting areas. While response rates ranged from 12% to 100%, almost three-quarters of the reporting areas (71%) had response rates over the national average of 53%. Additionally, many youth (approximately 10% more) were surveyed more than 45 days after turning 17, but for federal requirements and analysis purposes these surveys are not included in the official response rates. NYTD is a multi-modal census survey. The mode of data collected may be different for each state that collects data. This can limit comparability of data between reporting areas.

About the Data: State

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the state-level data.

Data Source: 
National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Measure: 
percent
Numerator: 

Number of 17 year old youth in foster care indicating readiness

Denominator: 

Number of 17 year olds in foster care who completed the NYTD survey

Questions Used to Obtain the State Data: 

      From the FFY2011 National Youth in Transition Database:

      [NUMERATOR:]

      Are you currently employed full-time?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Are you currently employed part-time

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      In the past year, did you complete an apprenticeship, internship, or other on-the-job training, either paid or unpaid?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Currently, are you enrolled in and attending high school, GED classes, post-high school vocational training, or college?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Currently is there at least one adult in your life, other than your caseworker, to whom you can go for advice or emotional support?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Have you ever referred yourself or has someone referred you for an alcohol or drug abuse assessment or counseling?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Have you ever been confined in a jail, prison, correctional facility, or juvenile or community detention facility, in connection with allegedly committing a crime?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank

      Have you ever given birth or fathered any children that were born?

      1. Yes
      2. No
      3. Declined
      4. Blank
Data Collection Frequency: 
Periodic
Methodology Notes: 

      Positive early indication of readiness for transition to adulthood is defined as a youth who meets all of the following criteria: (1) is either employed part/full-time or had employment skills or was currently enrolled and attending school; (2) reported having a positive connection to an adult; (3) did not report ever having been referred to substance abuse counseling/assessment; (4) did not report a history of incarceration; AND (5) did not report having given birth to or fathering a child.

      The National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD) is a national, mandatory data collection system where reporting areas (states, DC, PR) provide information to the Administration for Children and Families on two populations: (1) youth who receive independent living services paid for or provided by state agencies that administer John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Programs (CFCIPs); and (2) triennial cohorts of youth in foster care at age 17, with follow-up information collected at ages 19 and 21. Data are reported for the Federal Fiscal Year (FFY), which runs from October 1 through September 30 (e.g., FFY 2011 covers the period October 1, 2011—September 30, 2012). Select data elements from surveyed cohorts of 17 year old youth are used to monitor and measure early indicators of readiness for transition to adulthood. The first cohort of 17 year olds was surveyed in FFY 2011, with new cohorts to be surveyed every three years thereafter (FY2014, FY2017, FY2020, etc.).

      National data for this objective are collected from the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Caveats and Limitations: 
In FFY 2011 53% of the eligible 17 year olds in foster care completed the survey. A bias analysis was conducted due to the low response rates. There is no apparent demographic bias (race, ethnicity, or sex) in response/non-response rates. Response rates did, however, vary among reporting areas. With this systematic bias occurring in the first year of data collection, results may not be representative of the national population of 17 year old youth in foster care. It is expected that future data collection efforts will yield comparative, higher response rates across all reporting areas. While response rates ranged from 12% to 100%, almost three-quarters of the reporting areas (71%) had response rates over the national average of 53%. Additionally, many youth (approximately 10% more) were surveyed more than 45 days after turning 17, but for federal requirements and analysis purposes these surveys are not included in the official response rates. NYTD is a multi-modal census survey. The mode of data collected may be different for each state that collects data. This can limit comparability of data between reporting areas.

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch: 
At launch the objective text was "AH-4 (Developmental) Increase the proportion of adolescents and young adults who transition to self-sufficiency from foster care". In 2014 this objective was moved to measurable and the objective number was changed from AH-4 to AH-4.1. The original objective text was retained as a header, and the measured objective text, "Increase the proportion of adolescents in foster care who exhibit positive early indicators of readiness for transition to adulthood," was added.

References

Additional resources about the objective

  1. http://www.ndacan.cornell.edu/ (Publicly available NYTD datasets)