You are here

Vision

V-1 Preschool children ≤5 years receiving vision screening (percent)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 44.1 Increase desired
At baseline, 40.1 percent of preschool children aged 5 years and under received vision screening in 2008. The target is 44.1 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-1 Preschool children ≤5 years receiving vision screening (percent)
By Family income (percent poverty threshold)
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 44.1 Increase desired
At baseline, 40.1 percent of preschool children aged 5 years and under received vision screening in 2008. The target is 44.1 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-2 Blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents ≤17 years (per 1,000 population)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 25.4 Decrease desired
At baseline, 28.2 per 1,000 children and adolescents aged 17 years and under were blind or visually impaired in 2008. The target is 25.4 per 1,000, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-2 Blindness and visual impairment in children and adolescents ≤17 years (per 1,000 population)
By Family income (percent poverty threshold)
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 25.4 Decrease desired
At baseline, 28.2 per 1,000 children and adolescents aged 17 years and under were blind or visually impaired in 2008. The target is 25.4 per 1,000, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-3.2 Occupational eye injuries treated in emergency departments (per 10,000 full-time workers)
By Sex
2020 Target = 11.6 Decrease desired
At baseline, 12.9 per 10,000 full-time workers were treated for occupational eye injuries in EDs in 2008. The target is 11.6 per 10,000, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), CPSC; Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-4 Adults receiving a dilated eye examination within the past 2 years (age adjusted, percent, 18+ years)
By Age group† §
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 60.5 Increase desired
At baseline, 55.0 percent of adults aged 18 years and over had a comprehensive eye examination, including dilation, within the past 2 years in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 60.5 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-4 Adults receiving a dilated eye examination within the past 2 years (age adjusted, percent, 18+ years)
By Educational attainment (25 years and over)
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 60.5 Increase desired
At baseline, 55.0 percent of adults aged 18 years and over had a comprehensive eye examination, including dilation, within the past 2 years in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 60.5 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-5.3 Visual impairment due to glaucoma (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 45+ years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 12.5 Decrease desired
At baseline, 13.9 per 1,000 population aged 45 years and over had visual impairment due to glaucoma in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 12.5 per 1,000, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
V-5.3 Visual impairment due to glaucoma (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 45+ years)
By Age group† §
Year: 2008
2020 Target = 12.5 Decrease desired
At baseline, 13.9 per 1,000 population aged 45 years and over had visual impairment due to glaucoma in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 12.5 per 1,000, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014