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Social Determinants of Health

SDOH-3.1 Persons living in poverty (percent, all ages)
By Educational attainment (25 years and over)
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 14.3 percent of persons were living below the poverty threshold in 2010. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SDOH-3.1 Persons living in poverty (percent, all ages)
By Race/Ethnicity
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 14.3 percent of persons were living below the poverty threshold in 2010. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SDOH-4.2.1 Households that spend more than 50% of income on housing (percent)
By Race/Ethnicity (of household reference person)
Year: 2013
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 15.5 percent of households that spend more than 50% of income on housing in 2007. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: American Housing Survey (AHS), HUD and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SDOH-4.2.1 Households that spend more than 50% of income on housing (percent)
By Educational attainment (of household reference person, 25 years and over)
Year: 2013
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 15.5 percent of households that spend more than 50% of income on housing in 2007. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: American Housing Survey (AHS), HUD and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SDOH-6.2 Registered voters who voted (percent, citizens 18+ years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2016
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 45.5 percent of persons eligible to participate in elections and who were registered to vote reported voting in the federal, state, and/or local November election in 2010. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SDOH-6.2 Registered voters who voted (percent, citizens 18+ years)
By Age group
Year: 2016
2020 Target = Not applicable Informational
At baseline, 45.5 percent of persons eligible to participate in elections and who were registered to vote reported voting in the federal, state, and/or local November election in 2010. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: Current Population Survey (CPS), Census and DOL/BLS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
AH-5.1 Students graduating from high school 4 years after starting 9th grade (percent)
By Race/Ethnicity LHI
Year: 2014-2015
2020 Target = 87 Increase desired
At baseline, 79 percent of students attending public schools graduated with a regular diploma in 2010–11 4 years after starting 9th grade. The target is 87 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: Common Core of Data (CCD), ED/NCES
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
EH-19 Occupied housing units with moderate or severe physical problems (percent)
2020 Target = 4.2 Decrease desired
At baseline, 5.2 percent of housing units had moderate or severe physical problems in 2007. The target is 4.2 percent, based on a target-setting method of Projection/trend analysis.
Data Source: American Housing Survey (AHS), HUD and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014