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Sleep Health

SH-1 Adults with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea who seek medical evaluation (age adjusted, percent, 20+ years)
By Sex
Year: 2005-2008
2020 Target = 28.0 Increase desired
At baseline, 25.5 percent of persons with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea sought medical evaluation in 2005–08 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 28.0 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SH-2 Motor vehicle crashes involving drowsy driving (per 100 million vehicle miles)
2020 Target = 2.1 Decrease desired
At baseline, 2.7 vehicular crashes per 100 million miles traveled involved drowsy driving in 2008. The target is 2.1 vehicular crashes, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: General Estimates System (GES), DOT/NHTSA
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SH-3 Students getting sufficient sleep on school nights (percent, grades 9–12)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 33.1 Increase desired
At baseline, 30.9 percent of students in grades 9 through 12 got sufficient sleep (defined as 8 or more hours of sleep on an average school night) in 2009. The target is 33.1 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SH-3 Students getting sufficient sleep on school nights (percent, grades 9–12)
By Grade level
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 33.1 Increase desired
At baseline, 30.9 percent of students in grades 9 through 12 got sufficient sleep (defined as 8 or more hours of sleep on an average school night) in 2009. The target is 33.1 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), CDC/NCHHSTP
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SH-4 Adults getting sufficient sleep per night (percent, 18+ years)
By Sex
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 70.8 Increase desired
At baseline, 69.6 percent of adults got sufficient sleep (defined as 8 or more hours for those aged 18 to 21 years and 7 or more hours for those aged 22 years and over, on average, during a 24-hour period) in 2008. The target is 70.8 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
SH-4 Adults getting sufficient sleep per night (percent, 18+ years)
By Age group
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 70.8 Increase desired
At baseline, 69.6 percent of adults got sufficient sleep (defined as 8 or more hours for those aged 18 to 21 years and 7 or more hours for those aged 22 years and over, on average, during a 24-hour period) in 2008. The target is 70.8 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014