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Respiratory Diseases

RD-1.1 Asthma deaths among children and adults (per million population, <35 years)
By Race/Ethnicity
2020 Target = Not applicable Decrease desired
At baseline, 3.4 asthma deaths per million children and adults under age 35 years occurred in 2007. This measure is being tracked for informational purposes. If warranted, a target will be set during the decade.
Data Source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-3.2 Emergency department visits for asthma among children and adults (per 10,000 population, 5–64 years)
By Sex
Year: 2009-2011
2020 Target = 49.6 Decrease desired
At baseline, 57.0 ED visits per 10,000 children and adults aged 5 to 64 years occurred in 2005–07. The target is 49.6 ED visits, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS; Population Estimates, Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-3.2 Emergency department visits for asthma among children and adults (per 10,000 population, 5–64 years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2009-2011
2020 Target = 49.6 Decrease desired
At baseline, 57.0 ED visits per 10,000 children and adults aged 5 to 64 years occurred in 2005–07. The target is 49.6 ED visits, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS; Population Estimates, Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-5.1 Children with asthma who miss school days (percent, 5–17 years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2013
2020 Target = 48.8 Decrease desired
At baseline, 58.7 percent of children aged 5 to 17 years who had an asthma episode or attack in the past 12 months missed school days due to asthma in the past 12 months in 2008. The target is 48.8 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-7.3 Persons with asthma receiving education on early signs, symptoms, and responses to asthma episodes (age adjusted, percent)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2013
2020 Target = 68.5 Increase desired
At baseline, 64.8 percent of persons with current asthma received education about appropriate response to an asthma episode, including recognizing early signs and symptoms or monitoring peak flow results in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 68.5 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-7.3 Persons with asthma receiving education on early signs, symptoms, and responses to asthma episodes (age adjusted, percent)
By Educational attainment (25 years and over)
Year: 2013
2020 Target = 68.5 Increase desired
At baseline, 64.8 percent of persons with current asthma received education about appropriate response to an asthma episode, including recognizing early signs and symptoms or monitoring peak flow results in 2008 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 68.5 percent, based on a target-setting method of Minimal statistical significance.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-10 COPD deaths (age adjusted, per 100,000 population, 45+ years)
By Sex
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 102.6 Decrease desired
At baseline, 113.9 COPD deaths per 100,000 adults aged 45 years and over occurred in 2007 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 102.6 deaths, based on a target-setting method of Projection/trend analysis.
Data Source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
RD-10 COPD deaths (age adjusted, per 100,000 population, 45+ years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2015
2020 Target = 102.6 Decrease desired
At baseline, 113.9 COPD deaths per 100,000 adults aged 45 years and over occurred in 2007 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 102.6 deaths, based on a target-setting method of Projection/trend analysis.
Data Source: National Vital Statistics System-Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS; Bridged-race Population Estimates, CDC/NCHS and Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014