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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

MICH-1.3 All Infant deaths (per 1,000 live births, <1 year)
By Race/Ethnicity (of mother) LHI
2020 Target = 6.0 Decrease desired
At baseline, 6.7 infant deaths per 1,000 live births occurred within the first year of life in 2006. The target is 6.0 infant deaths, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
MICH-9.1 Total preterm live births (percent, <37 weeks gestation)
By Race/Ethnicity (of mother) LHI
2020 Target = 11.4 Decrease desired
At baseline, 12.7 percent of live births were preterm in 2007. The target is 11.4 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Vital Statistics System-Natality (NVSS-N), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
MICH-16.2 Mothers who took daily multivitamins/folic acid in the month prior to pregnancy (percent)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2011
2020 Target = 33.3 Increase desired
At baseline, 30.3 percent of females delivering a recent live birth took multivitamins/folic acid every day in the month prior to pregnancy, as reported in 2007. The target is 33.3 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), CDC/NCCDPHP; California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA), California Department of Public Health (CDPH)
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
MICH-20 Infants put to sleep on their backs (percent, <8 months)
By Age group
Year: 2011
2020 Target = 75.8 Increase desired
At baseline, 68.9 percent of infants were put to sleep on their backs in 2007. The target is 75.8 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), CDC/NCCDPHP; California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA), California Department of Public Health (CDPH)
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
MICH-20 Infants put to sleep on their backs (percent, <8 months)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2011
2020 Target = 75.8 Increase desired
At baseline, 68.9 percent of infants were put to sleep on their backs in 2007. The target is 75.8 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), CDC/NCCDPHP; California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment (MIHA), California Department of Public Health (CDPH)
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014