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Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders

ENT-VSL-1.1 Newborns receiving hearing screening before age 1 month (percent)
2020 Target = 90.2 Increase desired
At baseline, 82.0 percent of newborns aged 1 month or less had screening for hearing loss in 2007. The target is 90.2 percent, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: State-based Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program Network (EHDI), CDC/NCBDDD
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-2 Otitis media in children and adolescents (per 1,000 population, <18 years)
By Age group
2020 Target = 221.9 Decrease desired
At baseline, 246.6 per 1,000 persons under age 18 years had otitis media in 2007. The target is 221.9 persons, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), CDC/NCHS; National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC/NCHS; Population Estimates, Census
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-3.1 Use of hearing aids by adults with hearing loss (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 20–69 years)
By Sex
2020 Target = 179.0 Increase desired
At baseline, 162.7 per 1,000 adults aged 20 to 69 years had ever used a hearing aid in 2007 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 179.0 adults, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-3.3 Use of hearing aids by adults with hearing loss (per 1,000 population, 70+ years)
By Sex
2020 Target = 318.0 Increase desired
At baseline, 289.1 per 1,000 adults aged 70 years and over had ever used a hearing aid in 2007. The target is 318.0 persons, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-3.3 Use of hearing aids by adults with hearing loss (per 1,000 population, 70+ years)
By Educational attainment
2020 Target = 318.0 Increase desired
At baseline, 289.1 per 1,000 adults aged 70 years and over had ever used a hearing aid in 2007. The target is 318.0 persons, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-8 Adults with noise-induced hearing loss (both ears) (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 20–69 years)
By Sex
Year: 2003-2004
2020 Target = 109.3 Decrease desired
At baseline, 121.4 adults per 1,000 aged 20 to 69 years had elevated hearing thresholds, or audiometric notches, in high frequencies (3, 4, or 6 kHz) in both ears, signifying noise-induced hearing loss in 2003–04 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 109.3 persons, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.
ENT-VSL-8 Adults with noise-induced hearing loss (both ears) (age adjusted, per 1,000 population, 20–69 years)
By Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2003-2004
2020 Target = 109.3 Decrease desired
At baseline, 121.4 adults per 1,000 aged 20 to 69 years had elevated hearing thresholds, or audiometric notches, in high frequencies (3, 4, or 6 kHz) in both ears, signifying noise-induced hearing loss in 2003–04 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population). The target is 109.3 persons, based on a target-setting method of 10 percent improvement.
Data Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC/NCHS
Note: Further information about the data used to track this objective is available on the Data Details page. Additional footnotes may apply to the objective data and to the population subgroups, if any, that appear in this National Snapshot.

National Snapshots Help

HEALTHY PEOPLE 2020 NATIONAL SNAPSHOTS

A User's Guide

  1. National snapshots provide a visual display of progress for selected objectives in each Healthy People 2020 Topic Area, whenever data are available.

  2. The snapshot heading describes the snapshot theme, the population to which the snapshot applies (when needed for clarification), and the data year(s). The snapshot heading is not meant to capture the full scientific scope of the objective(s) that is (are) displayed. The user can find complete technical information about the objective(s) in the Data Details.

  3. The snapshot visual display is generally one of three types: a line graph, a bar chart, or a map. 

  4. The snapshot notes and footnotes indicate any technical information about the data that the user needs to correctly interpret the visual display, together with any key data limitations (when applicable). Although the snapshots are intended to be standalone, the user should consult the objective(s) Data Details for the full range of methodology issues that may impact interpretation.

  5. The snapshot source(s) indicate the data source(s) used to create the visual display.

  6. Age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.

  7. Education and income are the primary measures of socioeconomic status in Healthy People 2020. Unless otherwise noted, income is defined as a family’s income before taxes; thus, the terms “income” and “family income” are used interchangeably in the snapshots.

  8. To facilitate comparisons among groups and over time, while adjusting for family size and for inflation, Healthy People 2020 categorizes family income using the Poverty Threshold (PT), sometimes also referred to as the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), developed by the Census Bureau. Unless otherwise overridden by considerations specific to the data system, the five categories of family income primarily used are: 

    1. Below the PT (i.e., less than 100% of the PT) 

    2. At 100%–199% of the PT 

    3. At 200%–399% of the PT 

    4. At 400%–599% of the PT 

    5. At or above 600% of the PT.

  9. A snapshot narrative paragraph highlights some key features of the visual display. The narrative text is not meant to provide an exhaustive analysis of the data displayed. For a more in-depth analysis, the user should refer to the applicable data table(s) and objective(s) Data Details.

  10. The user should keep in mind the following: 

    1. When two rates or proportions are highlighted for comparison (and measures of variability are available), the user may interpret the highlighted difference to be statistically significant at the 0.05 level, unless otherwise stated.

    2. Only selected differences are highlighted in the narrative text. Differences visible in the visual data display but not highlighted in the text still may well be statistically significant.

Revised: Monday, August 25, 2014