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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 

Unconditional Cash Transfers for Reducing Poverty and Vulnerabilities: Effect on Use of Health Services and Health Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Description of Resource: 
Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are a type of social protection intervention that addresses income as a key social determinant of health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of UCTs for improving health outcomes and use of health services in vulnerable children and adults in LMICs. It identified 21 studies involving a total of 1,092,877 participants and 31,865 households. It found evidence suggesting that UCTs may not impact health service use in children and adults in LMICs, but they may improve some health outcomes, school attendance, and health care expenditure. The evidence on the relative effectiveness of UCTs remains uncertain.

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Cochrane Review
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Social Determinants of Health
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Systematic Review
Pega F, Liu SY, Walter S, Pabayo R, Saith R, Lhachimi SK. Unconditional cash transfers for reducing poverty and vulnerabilities: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD011135. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011135.pub2.