Statins to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease: Preventive Medication in Adults Ages 40 to 75 Years at Low Risk
Description of Resource:
Although statin use may be beneficial for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in some adults with a 10-year CVD event risk of less than 10%, the likelihood of benefit is smaller, because of a lower probability of disease and uncertainty in individual risk prediction. Clinicians may choose to offer a low- to moderate-dose statin to certain adults without a history of CVD when all of the following criteria are met: 1) they are ages 40 to 75 years; 2) they have one or more CVD risk factors (dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, or smoking); and 3) they have a calculated 10-year risk of a cardiovascular event of 7.5% to 10%. This is a C recommendation, which means the USPSTF recommends selectively offering or providing this service to individual patients based on professional judgment and patient preferences. There is at least moderate certainty that the net benefit is small.