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Evidence-Based Resource Summary

Strength of Evidence: 
4 out of 4
4 out of 4
Year Published: 
2012

Self-Management Education: The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program

Description of Resource: 
Self-management education is recommended for those with chronic illnesses by a variety of professional organizations. This program covers topic such as techniques to deal with problems associated with chronic disease, appropriate exercise, appropriate use of medications, communicating effectively with family, friends, and health professionals, nutrition, and, how to evaluate new treatments. The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is an effective self-management education program for people with chronic health problems. It specifically addresses arthritis, diabetes, and lung and heart disease, but teaches skills useful for managing a variety of chronic diseases. This program was developed at Stanford University. CDSMP workshops are held in community settings and meet 2-1/2 hours per week for 6 weeks. Workshops are facilitated by 2 trained leaders, 1 or both of whom are non-health professionals with a chronic disease themselves. This program covers topics such as techniques to deal with problems associated with chronic disease; appropriate exercise and use of medications; communicating effectively with family, friends, and health professionals; nutrition; and how to evaluate new treatments. Participants who took CDSMP demonstrated significant improvements in exercise and ability to do social and household activities. They had less depression, fear, frustration, and worry about their health. They experienced a reduction in symptoms like pain and increased confidence in their ability to manage their condition. CDSMP is available in multiple modes and in both English and Spanish. [The Arthritis Self-Management Program, on which CDSMP is based, is an arthritis-specific self-management intervention that is also available.]

Evidence-Based Resource Details

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Developed By: 
Stanford University
Developer Type: 
Non-Federal Government
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s): 
Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Chronic Back Conditions
Healthy People 2020 Objectives: 
Resource Type: 
Randomized Controlled Trial
Expert Opinion
Citation: 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Self-Management Education: Chronic Disease Self-Management Program [Internet]. 2012 Dec 17 [cited 2013 Mar 3]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/interventions/self_manage.htm