Screening for Genital Chlamydia Infection
Description of Resource:
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). Untreated infections can lead to complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women and testicular inflammation in men. Screening to identify and treat people who are unknowingly infected might reduce the risk of complications and transmission to others. This systematic review assessed the evidence about the effects and safety of screening to detect and treat chlamydia infection in women and men. It identified 6 trials involving 359,078 adult women and men in Denmark, the Netherlands, Peru, the UK, and the United States. The review found moderate quality evidence that chlamydia screening can reduce the risk of PID in women. It found no evidence of an effect on testicular inflammation in men.